Advertisement

KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 623–630 | Cite as

Compressibility of soils containing kaolinite in acidic environments

  • Ivan GratchevEmail author
  • Ikuo Towhata
Geotechnical Engineering

Abstract

This paper seeks to understand the effect of acidic fluids on the compressibility of soil. Three natural soils (namely, Kansai clay, Yurakucho silt, and Oumigawa silt) containing kaolinite were leached with solutions of sulphuric acid for various lengths of time. At the end of each time interval, standard compression (oedometer) tests were performed to study the behavior of soil in an acidic environment. It was found that the soil structure had a significant effect on the compressibility of clay at low pH. For the Kansai clay and Yurakucho silt, the undisturbed specimens yielded greater compression indices as pH values decreased. In addition, the data indicated that for all three soils, a decrease in pH correlated with an increase in the compression index. Based on the obtained results and available literature, the mechanisms controlling the compressibility of the studied soils at low pH values were discussed.

Keywords

acid contamination clay compressibility clay mineralogy soil structure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bolt, G. (1956). “Physicochemical analysis of the compressibility of pure clays.” Géotechnique, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 86–93, DOI:  10.1680/geot.1956.6.2.86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Casagrande, A. and Fadum, R. (1940). Notes on soil testing for engineering Purposes, Harvard University Graduate School for Engineering publication No. 8.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, J., Anandarajah, A., and Inyang, H. (2000). “Pore fluid properties and compressibility of kaolinite.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE, Vol. 126, No. 9, pp. 798–807, DOI:  10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2000)126:9(798)).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chigira, M. and Yagi, H. (2005). “Geological and geomorphological characteristics of landslides triggered by the 2004 Mid Niigata prefecture earthquake in Japan.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 82, No. 4, pp. 202–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dolinar, B., and Trauner, L. (2007). “The impact of structure on the undrained shear strength of cohesive soils.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 92, Nos. 1–2, pp. 88–96, DOI:  10.1016/j.enggeo.2007.04.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. D’Appolonia, D. (1980). “Soil-bentonite slurry trench cutoffs.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE, Vol. 106, No. 4, pp. 399–417.Google Scholar
  7. Gajo, A. and Maines, M. (2007). “Mechanical effects of aqueous solutions of inorganic acids and bases on a natural active clay.” Géotechnique, Vol. 57, No. 8, pp. 687–699, DOI:  10.1680/geot.2007.57.8.687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gratchev, I. and Sassa, K. (2009). “Cyclic behavior of fine-grained soils at different pH values.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE, Vol. 135, No. 2, pp. 271–279, DOI:  10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2009)135:2(271).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gratchev, I. and Sassa, K. (2013). “Cyclic shear strength of soil with different pore fluids.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE, Vol. 139, No. 10, pp. 1817–1821, DOI:  10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gratchev, I. and Towhata, I. (2009). “Effects of acidic contamination on the geotechnical properties of marine soils in Japan.” Proc., ISOPE-2009 Osaka: 19th (2009) International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference, pp. 151–155.Google Scholar
  11. Gratchev, I. and Towhata, I. (2010). “Geotechnical characteristics of volcanic soil from seismically-induced Aratozawa landslide, Japan.” Landslides, Vol. 7, pp. 503–510, DOI:  10.1007/s10346-010-0211-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gratchev, I. and Towhata, I. (2011a). “Compressibility of natural soils subjected to long-term acidic contamination.” Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 64, pp. 193–200, DOI:  10.1007/s12665-010-0838-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gratchev, I. and Towhata, I. (2011b). “Analysis of the mechanisms of slope failures triggered by the 2007 Chuetsu Oki earthquake.” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 695–708, DOI:  10.1007/s10706-011-9411-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gratchev, I. and Towhata, I. (2013). “Stress–strain characteristics of two natural soils subjected to long-term acidic contamination.” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 53, No. 3, pp. 469–476, DOI:  10.1016/j.sandf.2013.04.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Imai, G., Komatsu, Y., and Fukue, M. (2006). “Consolidation yield stress of osaka-bay pleistocene clay with reference to calcium carbonate contents.” J. ASTM International, Vol. 3, No. 7, pp. 1–9, DOI:  10.1520/JAI13325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Japanese Test Standard (2002). Japanese Standard Procedure for Onedimensional Consolidation Test JIS A 1217.Google Scholar
  17. Kamon, M., Ying, C., and Katsumi, T. (1997). “Effect of acid rain on physico-chemical and engineering properties of soils.” Soil and Foundations, Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kashir, M. and Yanful, E. (2001). “Hydraulic conductivity of bentonite permeated with acid mine drainage.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 38, pp. 1034–1048, DOI:  10.1139/t01-027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ma, C. and Eggleton, R. (1999). “Cation exchange capacity of kaolinite.” Clay and Clay Minerals, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 174–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Man, A. and Graham, J. (2010). “Pore fluid chemistry, stress-strain behaviour, and yielding in reconstituted highly plastic clay.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 116, Nos. 3–4, pp. 296–310, DOI:  10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.09.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meegoda, N. and Ratnaweera, P. (1994). “Compressibility of contaminated fine-grained soils.” Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 101–112, DOI:  10.1520/GTJ10078J.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mitchell, J. (1993). Fundamentals of soil behavior. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  23. Olson, R. E. and Mesri, G. (1970). “Mechanism controlling compressibility of clays.” Journal of the SMFE Division ASCE, Vol. 6, No. 11, pp. 1863–1878.Google Scholar
  24. Oztoprak, S. and Pisirici, B. (2011). “Effect of micro structure changes on the macro behaviour of Istanbul (Turkey) clays exposed to landfill leachate.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 121, Nos. 3–4, pp. 110–122, DOI:  10.1016/j.enggeo.2011.05.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rao, S. M. and Rao, S. S. (1994). “Ground heave from caustic soda solution spillage- a case study.” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 13–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rosenqvist, I. (1959). “Physico-chemical properties of soils: Soil water systems.” Journal of the SMFE Division ASCE, Vol. 85, No. 2, pp. 31–53.Google Scholar
  27. Sridharan, A. and Prakash, K. (1999). “Mechanisms controlling the undrained shear strength behaviour of clays.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 36, No. 6, pp. 1030–1038, DOI:  10.1139/t99-071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sridharan, A. and Rao, G. V. (1973). “Mechanisms controlling volume change of saturated clays.” Geotechnique, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 359–382, DOI:  10.1680/geot.1973.23.3.359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sridharan, A., Nagaraj, T., and Sivapullaiah, P. (1981). “Heaving of soil due to acid contamination.” Proc. 10 th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Stockholm, pp. 383–386.Google Scholar
  30. Sridharan, A., Rao, S. M., and Murthy, N. S. (1988). “Liquid limit of kaolinitic soils.” Geotechnique, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 191–198, DOI:  10.1680/geot.1988.38.2.191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sunil, B. M., Nayak, S., and Shriharj, S. (2006). “Effect of pH on the geotechnical properties of laterite.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 85, Nos. 1–2, pp. 197–203, DOI:  10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.09.039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Van Olphen, H. (1991). An introduction to clay colloid chemistry, Krieger Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  33. Wang, Y. and Siu, W. (2006). “Structure characteristics and mechanical properties of kaolinite soils. 1. Effects of structure on mechanical properties.” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 43, No. 6, pp. 587–600, DOI:  10.1139/t06-026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Griffith School of EngineeringGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Dept. of Civil EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations