Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effect of elevated temperature on the behavior of high volume fly ash concrete

  • 424 Accesses

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

The study presents the behavior of high volume fly ash concrete at varying peak temperatures. Concrete cylinders of 100 × 200 mm were prepared by replacing the cement with fly ash in the range of 40–60% by weight. These concrete specimens, after 28 days curing, were exposed to varying peak temperatures ranging from 100 to 900°C to investigate the influence of temperature on the behavior of fly ash concrete. The compressive and split tensile strength of concrete increased initially with an increase in the temperature up to 300°C, however, further increase in the exposure temperature caused reduction in both strengths. The loss of weight of the concrete increased with increase in the temperature as well as the fly ash content.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. ACI Committee 201.1 (1979). Guide for making condition survey of concrete structures in service, ACI 201.1R-68, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

  2. Ahmed, G. N. (1990). Modeling of coupled heat and mass transfer in concrete structures exposed to elevated temperatures, PhD Thesis, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.

  3. ASTM C90 (2014). Standard specification for load bearing concrete masonry units, ASTM International.

  4. Bazant, Z. P. and Kaplan, M. F. (1996). Concrete at high temperatures: material properties and mathematical models, Longman Group Limited, London.

  5. Chen, B., Li, C., and Chen, L. (2009). “Experimental study of mechanical properties of normal-strength concrete exposed to high temperatures at an early age.” Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 44, No. 7, pp. 997–1002, DOI: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.06.007.

  6. Diederichs, U., Jumppanen U. M., and Penttala, V. (1989). Behavior of high strength concrete at high temperatures, Report No. 92, Department of Structural Engineering, Helsiniki University of Technology.

  7. Fu, X. and Chung, D. D. L. (1997). “Effects of silica fume, latex, methylcellulose, and carbon fibers on the thermal conductivity and specific heat of cement paste.” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 27, pp.1799–1804, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(97)00174-9.

  8. Ghosh, S. and Nasser, K. W. (1996). “Effects of high temperature and pressure on strength and elasticity of lignite fly ash and silica fume concrete.” ACI Material Journal, Vol. 93, No. 1, pp. 51–60, DOI: 10.14359/9795.

  9. IS: 8112 (1989). Specifications for 43-grade portland Cement, Indian Standards, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

  10. IS: 383-1970 (1971). Specifications for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete, Indian Standards, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

  11. Jia, F. P., Cheng, Y., Sun, Y. B., Wang, Y. Y., and Sun, H. (2011). “Study on residual splitting tensile strength of HFCC after high temperature.” Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 243–249, pp. 5067–5070, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.243-249.

  12. Khan, M. S. and Prasad, J. (2010). “Fly ash concrete subjected to thermal cyclic loads.” Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 276–283, DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-2695.2010.01438.x

  13. Kodur, V. K. R. (1997). “Studies on the fire resistance of high strength concrete at the national research council of Canada.” Proceedings of International Workshop on Fire Performance of High-Strength Concrete, NIST SP 919, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, pp. 13–14.

  14. Lau, A. and Anson, M. (2006). “Effect of high temperature on high performance steel fibre reinforced concrete.” Cement and Concrete ai]Research, Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 1698–1707, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.03.024.

  15. Lea, F. M. (1960). “Cement research: Retrospect and prospect.” Proceedings 4th International Symposium on the Chemistry of Cement, Washington, DC, pp. 5–8.

  16. Nasser, K. W. and Marzouk, H. M. (1979). “Properties of mass concrete containing fly ash at high temperatures.” ACI Journal, Vol. 76, No. 4, pp. 537–551, DOI: 10.14359/6958.

  17. Peng, G.-F. and Huang, Z.-S. (2008). “Change in microstructure of hardened cement paste subjected to elevated temperatures.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 593–599, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.11.002.

  18. Poon, C. S., Azhar, S., Anson, M., and Wong, Y. L. (2001). “Comparison of the strength and durability performance of normal— and high-strength pozzolanic concretes at elevated temperatures.” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 31, No. 9, pp. 1291–1300, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(01)00580-4.

  19. Raju, P. M. and Rao, J. A. (2001). “Effect of temperature on residual compressive strength of flyash concrete.” The Indian Concrete Journal, pp. 347–351.

  20. Sarshar, R. and Khoury, G. A. (1993). “Material and environmental factors influencing the compressive strength of unsealed cement past and concrete at high temperatures.” Magazine of Concrete Research, Vol. 45, No. 62, pp. 51–61, DOI:10.1680/macr.1993.45.162.51.

  21. Short, N. R., Purkiss, J. A., and Guise, S. E. (2001). “Assessment of fire damaged concrete using colour image analysis.” Construction and Building Material, Vol. 15, pp. 9–15, DOI: 10.1016/S0950-0618(00)00065-9.

  22. Tanyildizi, H. and Coskun, A. (2008). “The effect of high temperature on compressive strength and splitting tensile strength of structural lightweight concrete containing fly ash.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, No. 11, pp. 2269–2275, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.07.033.

  23. Xu, Y., Wong, Y. L., Poon, C. S., and Anson, M. (2001). “Impact of high temperature on PFA concrete.” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 31, pp. 1065–1073, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(01)00513-0.

  24. Xu, Y., Wong, Y. L., Poon, C. S., and Anson, M. (2000). “Damage of PFA concrete subject to high temperatures.” Proceedings of International Symposium on High Performance Concrete-Workability, Strength and Durability, Hong Kong, pp. 1093–1100.

  25. Xu, Y., Wong, Y. L., Poon, C. S., and Anson, M. (2003). “Influence of PFA on cracking of concrete and cement paste after exposure to high temperatures.” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 33, pp. 2009–2016, DOI:10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00216-3.

  26. Yüzer, N., Aköz, F., Öztürk, L. D., and Cakir, Ö. (2001). Compressive strength-color change relation in fire-damaged buildings, International Scientific Session VSU, 2, Sofia, Bulgaria, pp. 29–35.

  27. Yüzer, N., Aköz, F., Öztürk, L. D., and Cakir, Ö. (2004). “Compressive strength-color change relation in mortars at high temperature.” Cement & Concrete Research, Vol. 34, pp. 1803–1807, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.01.015.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to M. S. Khan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Khan, M.S., Abbas, H. Effect of elevated temperature on the behavior of high volume fly ash concrete. KSCE J Civ Eng 19, 1825–1831 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-014-1092-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • high temperature
  • fly ash concrete
  • compressive strength
  • split tensile strength