The world is facing unprecedented challenges related to energy resources, global climate change, material use, and waste generation. Failure to address these challenges will inhibit the growth of the developing world and will negatively impact the standard of living and security of future generations in all nations. The solutions to these challenges will require multidisciplinary research across the social and physical sciences and engineering. Although perhaps not always recognized, geotechnical engineering expertise is critical to the solution of many energy and sustainability-related problems. Hence, geotechnical engineers and academicians have opportunity and responsibility to contribute to the solution of these worldwide problems. Research will need to be extended to non-standard issues such as thermal properties of soils; sediment and rock response to extreme conditions and at very long time scales; coupled hydro-chemo-thermo-bio-mechanical processes; positive feedback systems; the development of discontinuities; biological modification of soil properties; spatial variability; and emergent phenomena. Clearly, the challenges facing geotechnical engineering in the future will require a much broader knowledge base than our traditional educational programs provide. The geotechnical engineering curricula, from undergraduate education through continuing professional education, must address the changing needs of a profession that will increasingly be engaged in alternative/renewable energy production; energy efficiency; sustainable design, enhanced and more efficient use of natural resources, waste management, and underground utilization.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Allen, R. D., Doherty, T. J., and Fossum, A. F. (1982a). Geotechnical issues and guidelines for storage of compressed air in excavated hard rock caverns, PNL-4180, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
Allen, R. D., Doherty, T. J., and Thoms, R. L. (1982b). Geotechnical factors and guidelines for storage of compressed air in solutionmined salt cavities, PNL-4242, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
Allen, R. D., Doherty, T. J., Erikson, R. L., and Wiles, L. E. (1983). Factors affecting storage of compressed air in porous-rock reservoirs, PNL-4707, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
American Coal Ash Association. (2008). Coal Combustion Product (CCP) production & use survey report, available at www.acaausa.org.
American Coal Ash Association. (2010). homepage http://www.acaausa.org/index.cfm.
Anderson, B., Batchelor, A. S., Blackwell, D. D., DiPippo, R., Drake, E. M., Garnish, J., Livesay, B., Moore, M. C., Nichols, K., Petty, S., Toksöz, M. N., and Ralph W. Veatch, J. (2006). The future of geothermal energy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.
Andre, L., Audigane, P., Azaroual, M., and Menjoz, A. (2007). “Numerical modeling of fluid-rock chemical interactions at the supercritical CO2-liquid interface during CO2 injection into a carbonate reservoir, the Dogger aquifer (Paris Basin, France).” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 1782–1797.
Aydin, A., Borja, R. I., and Eichhubl, P. (2006). “Geological and mathematical framework for failure modes in granular rock.” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 83–98.
Beke, B. (1964). Principles of comminution, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.
Brandl, H. (2006), “Energy foundations and other thermo-active ground structures.” Geotechnique, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 81–122.
Brown, K. M., Bekins, B., Clennell, B., Dewhurst, D., and Westbrook, G. (1994). “Heterogeneous hydrofracture development and accretionary fault dynamics.” Geology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 259–262.
Ceglarska-Stefanska, G. and Zarebska, K. (2002). “Expansion and contraction of variable rank coals during the exchange sorption of CO2 and CH4.” Adsorption Science and Technology, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 49–62.
Chu, S. (2009). “Carbon capture and sequestration.” Science, Vol. 325, No. 5948, p. 1599.
DeJong, J. T., Mortensen, B. M., Martinez, B. C., and Nelson, D. C. (2008). “Bio-mediated soil improvement.” Ecological Engineering, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 197–210.
Department of Energy (2009). Electric power annual 2007, U.S. Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia.doe.gov/bookshelf/brochures/epa/epa.html.
Department of Energy (2010). Energy savers — Geothermal heat pumps, http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/space_heating_cooling/index.cfm/mytopic=12640 (accessed June, 2010).
Department of Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory (2008). Carbon sequestration ATLAS of the United States of America and Canada, 2nd Edition, http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/carbon_seq/refshelf/atlasII/
Duchane, D. and Brown, D. (2002). “Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal energy research and development at Fenton Hill, New Mexico.” Geo-Heat Center Bulletin, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 13–19, http://geoheat.oit.edu/.
Economides, M. J. and Nolte, K. G. (2000). Reservoir stimulation, Wiley, Chichester, England.
Environmental Protection Agency (2007). Municipal solid waste in the United States, http://www.epa.gov/waste/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/msw07-rpt.pdf.
Environmental Protection Agency (2010). Materials characterization paper in support of the proposed rulemaking: Identification of nonhazardous secondary materials that are solid wast Cement Kiln Dust (CKD), http://www.epa.gov/wastes/nonhaz/define/pdfs/cementkiln.pdf.
Espinoza, D. N., Kim, S. H., and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “CO2 geological storage — Geotechnical implications.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Special Issue on Energy Geotechnology, Edited by J. C. Santamarina and G. C. Cho, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 707–719.
Espinoza, D. N. and Santamarina, J. C. (2010). “Ant tunnels in soils — a geomechnical interpretation.” Granular Matter (in print).
European Construction Technology Platform (2005). Strategic research agenda & vision 2030 for the European underground construction sector, p. 56.
Gens, A. (2007). “The 47th Rankine Lecture: Soil-environment interactions in geotechnical engineering.” Geotechnique, Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 3–74.
Gunter, W. D., Perkins, E. H., and Hutcheon, I. (2000). “Aquifer disposal of acid gases: Modelling of water-rock reactions for trapping of acid wastes.” Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 15, No. 8, pp. 1085–1095.
Holling, C. S. (2001). “Understanding the complexity of economic, ecological, and social systems.” Ecosystems, Vol. 4, pp. 390–405, DOI: 10.1007/s10021-001-0101-5.
Hudson, J. A. (1996). Editorial, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 33, No. 1, p. 3.
International Energy Agency (2009). Key world energy statistics 2009, http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2009/key_stats_2009.pdf (accessed August 2010).
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2000). Special report on emissions scenarios, Cambridge University Press, UK.
Ivanov, V. and Chu, J. (2008). “Applications of microorganisms to geotechnical engineering for bioclogging and biocementation of soil in situ.” Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 139–153.
Jang, J., Narsilio, G. A., and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “Hydraulic conductivity in spatially varying media — A pore-scale investigation.” Geophysical Journal International, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04893.x (in print).
Jung, J. W., Espinoza, D. N., and Santamarina, J. C. (2010). “Properties and phenomena relevant to CH4-CO2 replacement in hydrate bearing sediments.” Journal of Geophysical Research — Solid Earth, Vol. 115, B10102, DOI: 10.1029/2009JB000812.
Kaszuba, J. P., Janecky, D. R., and Snow, M. G. (2005). “Experimental evaluation of mixed fluid reactions between supercritical carbon dioxide and NaCl brine: Relevance to the integrity of a geologic carbon repository.” Chemical Geology, Vol. 217, Nos. 3–4, pp. 277–293.
Keck, R. G. and Withers, R. J. (1994). Field demonstration of hydraulic fracturing for solids waste injection with real-time passive seismic monitoring, Society of Petroleum Engineer — Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Kim, H.-K. and Santamarina, J. C. (2008). “Spatial variability: Drained and undrained deviatoric load response.” Géotechnique, Vol. 58, No. 10, pp. 805–814.
Levin, S. A. and Clark, W. C. (2010). “Toward a science of sustainability.” Toward a Science of Sustainability Conference, Nov. 29–Dec. 2 2009, Warrenton, Virginia, http://www.hks.harvard.edu/var/ezp_site/storage/fckeditor/file/pdfs/centers-programs/centers/cid/publications/faculty/wp/196.pdf.
Mackay, D. (2009). Sustainable energy — Without the hot air, UIT Cambridge Ltd., Cambridge, UK, p. 368.
Mazumder, S., Karnik, A., and Wolf, K. H. (2006). “Swelling of coal in response to CO2 sequestration for ECBM and its effect on fracture permeability.” Society of Petroleum Engineer Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 390–398.
Mitchell, J. K. and Santamarina, J. C. (2005). “Biological considerations in geotechnical engineering.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 10, pp. 1222–1233.
Moore Economics (2009). The economic contributions of U.S. mining in 2007: Providing Vital Resources for America, prepared for the National Mining Association, available at www.nma.org.
Mörner, N. A. (2001). “In absurdum: Long-term predictions and nuclear waste handling.” Engineering Geology, Vol. 61, Nos. 2–3, pp. 75–82.
Muto, N., Yanagida, H., Nakatsuji, T., Sugita, M., Ohtsuka, Y., and Arait, Y. (1992). “Design of intelligent materials with selfdiagnosing function for preventing fatal fracture.” Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 1, pp. 324–329.
Oechel, W. C., Hastings, S. J., Jenkins, M., Riechers, G., Grulke, N. E., and Vourlitis, G. L. (1993). “Recent change of arctic tundra ecosystems from a net carbon sink to a source.” Nature, Vol. 316, pp. 520–526.
Olivella, S., Carrera, J., Gens, A., and Alonso, E. (1996). “Porosity variations in saline media caused by temperature gradients coupled to multiphase flow and dissolution/precipitation.” Transport in Porous Media, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 1–25.
O’sullivan, M. and Mannington, W. (2005). “Renewability of the Wairakei-Tauhara geothermal resource.” World Geothermal Congress, Apr. 24–29, Antalya, Turkey.
Pacala, S. and Socolow, R. (2004). “Stabilization wedges: Solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies.” Science, Vol. 305, pp. 968–972.
Parker, H. W. (2007). “Risk analyses and life cycle costs of underground facilities.” ISRM-ITA Specialized Session, July, Lisbon.
Pasten, C. and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “Energy geo-storage — Analysis and geomechanical implications.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Special Issue on Energy Geotechnology, Edited by J. C. Santamarina and G. C. Cho, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 655–667.
Renard, F., Gundersen, E., Hellmann, R., Collombet, M., and Le-Guen, Y. (2005). “Numerical modeling of the effect of carbon dioxide sequestration on the rate of pressure solution creep in limestone: Preliminary results.” Oil & Gas Science and Technology, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 381–399.
Rubber Manufacturers Association (2009). Scrap tire markets in the United State, 9th Biennial Report, http://www.rma.org/scrap_tires.
Rutter, E. H. and Elliott, D. (1976). “The kinetics of rock deformation by pressure solution [and Discussion].” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Vol. 283, No. 1312, pp. 203–219.
Santamarina, J. C. (2006). “The worldwide energy situation.” Anales Academia Nacional de Ingenieria, Vol. II-06, pp. 79–98.
Schoenung, S. (2001). Characteristics and technologies for long-versus short-term energy storage: A study by the DOE energy storage systems program, SAND2001-0765, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Selley, R. C. (1985). Elements of petroleum geology, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.
Shin, H., Santamarina, J. C., and Cartwright, J. A. (2008). “Contractiondriven shear failure in compacting uncemented sediments.” Geology, Vol. 36, No. 12, pp. 931–934.
Tan, S. M. (2006). “Geotechnical aspects of the smart tunnel.” International Conference and Exhibition on Trenchless Technology and Tunnelling, Mar. 7–9, Subang Jaya, Malaysia.
Torp, T. A. and Gale, J. (2004). “Demonstrating storage of CO2 in geological reservoirs: The sleipner and SACS projects.” Energy, Vol. 29, Nos. 9–10, pp. 1361–1369.
Tsouris, C., Aaron, D. S., and Williams, K. A. (2010). “Is carbon capture and storage really needed?” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 44, No. 11, pp. 4042–4045.
United Nations (1987). Report of the world commission on environment and development: Our common future, http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm (accessed June, 2010).
van Bergen, F., Pagnier, H. J. M., van der Meer, L. G. H., van den Belt, F. J. G., Winthaegen, P. L. A., and Krzystolik, P. (2003). “Development of a field experiment of ECBM in the Silesian coal basin of Poland (RECOPOL).” International Coalbed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.
Watson, M. N., Zwingmann, N., and Lemon, N. M. (2004), “The Ladbroke Grove-Katnook carbon dioxide natural laboratory: A recent CO2 accumulation in a lithic sandstone reservoir.” Energy, Vol. 29, Nos. 9–10, pp. 1457–1466.
Weston, R. F. (1994). “Towards understanding the idea of sustainable development, the role of engineering in sustainable development: selected readings and references for the profession.” M.D. Ellis, Ed., American Association of Engineering Societies, Washington, D.C., pp. 40–43.
Zimov, S. A., Schuur, E. A. G., and Chapin, III, F. S. (2006). “Permafrost and the global carbon budget.” Science, Vol. 312, pp. 1612–1613.
About this article
Cite this article
Fragaszy, R.J., Santamarina, J.C., Amekudzi, A. et al. Sustainable development and energy geotechnology — Potential roles for geotechnical engineering. KSCE J Civ Eng 15, 611–621 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-011-0102-7
- CO2 sequestration
- climate change
- underground storage