Sustainable development and energy geotechnology — Potential roles for geotechnical engineering
- 1.6k Downloads
The world is facing unprecedented challenges related to energy resources, global climate change, material use, and waste generation. Failure to address these challenges will inhibit the growth of the developing world and will negatively impact the standard of living and security of future generations in all nations. The solutions to these challenges will require multidisciplinary research across the social and physical sciences and engineering. Although perhaps not always recognized, geotechnical engineering expertise is critical to the solution of many energy and sustainability-related problems. Hence, geotechnical engineers and academicians have opportunity and responsibility to contribute to the solution of these worldwide problems. Research will need to be extended to non-standard issues such as thermal properties of soils; sediment and rock response to extreme conditions and at very long time scales; coupled hydro-chemo-thermo-bio-mechanical processes; positive feedback systems; the development of discontinuities; biological modification of soil properties; spatial variability; and emergent phenomena. Clearly, the challenges facing geotechnical engineering in the future will require a much broader knowledge base than our traditional educational programs provide. The geotechnical engineering curricula, from undergraduate education through continuing professional education, must address the changing needs of a profession that will increasingly be engaged in alternative/renewable energy production; energy efficiency; sustainable design, enhanced and more efficient use of natural resources, waste management, and underground utilization.
Keywordssustainability energy CO2 sequestration education climate change research geothermal underground storage hydrate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Coal Ash Association. (2008). Coal Combustion Product (CCP) production & use survey report, available at www.acaausa.org.
- American Coal Ash Association. (2010). homepage http://www.acaausa.org/index.cfm.
- Anderson, B., Batchelor, A. S., Blackwell, D. D., DiPippo, R., Drake, E. M., Garnish, J., Livesay, B., Moore, M. C., Nichols, K., Petty, S., Toksöz, M. N., and Ralph W. Veatch, J. (2006). The future of geothermal energy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.Google Scholar
- Andre, L., Audigane, P., Azaroual, M., and Menjoz, A. (2007). “Numerical modeling of fluid-rock chemical interactions at the supercritical CO2-liquid interface during CO2 injection into a carbonate reservoir, the Dogger aquifer (Paris Basin, France).” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 1782–1797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Beke, B. (1964). Principles of comminution, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.Google Scholar
- Department of Energy (2009). Electric power annual 2007, U.S. Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia.doe.gov/bookshelf/brochures/epa/epa.html.
- Department of Energy (2010). Energy savers — Geothermal heat pumps, http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/space_heating_cooling/index.cfm/mytopic=12640 (accessed June, 2010).
- Department of Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory (2008). Carbon sequestration ATLAS of the United States of America and Canada, 2nd Edition, http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/carbon_seq/refshelf/atlasII/
- Economides, M. J. and Nolte, K. G. (2000). Reservoir stimulation, Wiley, Chichester, England.Google Scholar
- Environmental Protection Agency (2007). Municipal solid waste in the United States, http://www.epa.gov/waste/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/msw07-rpt.pdf.
- Environmental Protection Agency (2010). Materials characterization paper in support of the proposed rulemaking: Identification of nonhazardous secondary materials that are solid wast Cement Kiln Dust (CKD), http://www.epa.gov/wastes/nonhaz/define/pdfs/cementkiln.pdf.
- Espinoza, D. N., Kim, S. H., and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “CO2 geological storage — Geotechnical implications.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Special Issue on Energy Geotechnology, Edited by J. C. Santamarina and G. C. Cho, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 707–719.Google Scholar
- Espinoza, D. N. and Santamarina, J. C. (2010). “Ant tunnels in soils — a geomechnical interpretation.” Granular Matter (in print).Google Scholar
- European Construction Technology Platform (2005). Strategic research agenda & vision 2030 for the European underground construction sector, p. 56.Google Scholar
- Gens, A. (2007). “The 47th Rankine Lecture: Soil-environment interactions in geotechnical engineering.” Geotechnique, Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 3–74.Google Scholar
- Hudson, J. A. (1996). Editorial, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 33, No. 1, p. 3.Google Scholar
- International Energy Agency (2009). Key world energy statistics 2009, http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2009/key_stats_2009.pdf (accessed August 2010).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2000). Special report on emissions scenarios, Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar
- Jang, J., Narsilio, G. A., and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “Hydraulic conductivity in spatially varying media — A pore-scale investigation.” Geophysical Journal International, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04893.x (in print).Google Scholar
- Keck, R. G. and Withers, R. J. (1994). Field demonstration of hydraulic fracturing for solids waste injection with real-time passive seismic monitoring, Society of Petroleum Engineer — Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, USA.Google Scholar
- Levin, S. A. and Clark, W. C. (2010). “Toward a science of sustainability.” Toward a Science of Sustainability Conference, Nov. 29–Dec. 2 2009, Warrenton, Virginia, http://www.hks.harvard.edu/var/ezp_site/storage/fckeditor/file/pdfs/centers-programs/centers/cid/publications/faculty/wp/196.pdf.
- Mackay, D. (2009). Sustainable energy — Without the hot air, UIT Cambridge Ltd., Cambridge, UK, p. 368.Google Scholar
- Mazumder, S., Karnik, A., and Wolf, K. H. (2006). “Swelling of coal in response to CO2 sequestration for ECBM and its effect on fracture permeability.” Society of Petroleum Engineer Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 390–398.Google Scholar
- Moore Economics (2009). The economic contributions of U.S. mining in 2007: Providing Vital Resources for America, prepared for the National Mining Association, available at www.nma.org.
- O’sullivan, M. and Mannington, W. (2005). “Renewability of the Wairakei-Tauhara geothermal resource.” World Geothermal Congress, Apr. 24–29, Antalya, Turkey.Google Scholar
- Parker, H. W. (2007). “Risk analyses and life cycle costs of underground facilities.” ISRM-ITA Specialized Session, July, Lisbon.Google Scholar
- Pasten, C. and Santamarina, J. C. (2011). “Energy geo-storage — Analysis and geomechanical implications.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Special Issue on Energy Geotechnology, Edited by J. C. Santamarina and G. C. Cho, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 655–667.Google Scholar
- Renard, F., Gundersen, E., Hellmann, R., Collombet, M., and Le-Guen, Y. (2005). “Numerical modeling of the effect of carbon dioxide sequestration on the rate of pressure solution creep in limestone: Preliminary results.” Oil & Gas Science and Technology, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 381–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rubber Manufacturers Association (2009). Scrap tire markets in the United State, 9th Biennial Report, http://www.rma.org/scrap_tires.
- Santamarina, J. C. (2006). “The worldwide energy situation.” Anales Academia Nacional de Ingenieria, Vol. II-06, pp. 79–98.Google Scholar
- Selley, R. C. (1985). Elements of petroleum geology, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.Google Scholar
- Tan, S. M. (2006). “Geotechnical aspects of the smart tunnel.” International Conference and Exhibition on Trenchless Technology and Tunnelling, Mar. 7–9, Subang Jaya, Malaysia.Google Scholar
- United Nations (1987). Report of the world commission on environment and development: Our common future, http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm (accessed June, 2010).
- van Bergen, F., Pagnier, H. J. M., van der Meer, L. G. H., van den Belt, F. J. G., Winthaegen, P. L. A., and Krzystolik, P. (2003). “Development of a field experiment of ECBM in the Silesian coal basin of Poland (RECOPOL).” International Coalbed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.Google Scholar
- Weston, R. F. (1994). “Towards understanding the idea of sustainable development, the role of engineering in sustainable development: selected readings and references for the profession.” M.D. Ellis, Ed., American Association of Engineering Societies, Washington, D.C., pp. 40–43.Google Scholar