Numerical study on flow structure of a shallow laminar round jet

  • Ke Chen (陈 科)
  • Kai Zhao (赵 恺)
  • Yunxiang You (尤云祥)


The evolution mechanism and characteristics of the submerged laminar round jet in a viscous homogenous shallow water layer are investigated through computational modeling. The laminar mode is used to solve the Navier-Stokes equations. In order to visualize the formation and evolution of the flow pattern, the volume of fluid (VOF) method is adopted to simulate the free surface of the water layer below the air and to trace the jet fluid. The results show that the jet forms a class of quasi-two-dimensional (Q2D) vortex structures in the ambient fluid with unequal influence from the bottom wall and free surface. The time dependence of three parameters, defined for the flow pattern as jet length, spiral radius and pattern length, is investigated quantitatively in their non-dimensional forms. Three different Reynolds numbers and two injection durations are further considered to discuss their influence on the flow pattern.


shallow water laminar round jet quasi-two-dimensional (Q2D) time dependence 

CLC number

O 352 


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Copyright information

© Shanghai Jiaotong University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ke Chen (陈 科)
    • 1
  • Kai Zhao (赵 恺)
    • 1
  • Yunxiang You (尤云祥)
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering; Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea ExplorationShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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