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Chemical sensing through photonic crystal fiber: sulfuric acid detection

Abstract

A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for sensing of sulfuric acid is designed and analyzed using Comsol Multiphysics. To analyze the sensor performance, 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% H2SO4 solution is placed into the fiber separately and then relative sensitivity, confinement loss, birefringence, effective area etc. are investigated for each solution over wavelength ranging from 0.8 to 1.8 µm. The sensor structure affords moderately high relative sensitivity and around 63.4% sensitivity is achieved for the highest concentration of H2SO4 at the wavelength 1.5 µm in x polarization direction. This PCF model also shows zero confinement loss for all solutions of H2SO4 over wavelength ranging from 1 to 1.35 µm and later on approximately 1.422 × 10−17 dB/km confinement loss is found for the highest concentration of H2SO4 at 1.5 µm wavelength. Besides, higher birefringence is attained when the concentration of sulfuric acid is lower and it is achieved 7.5 × 10−4 at 1.5 µm wavelength. Moreover, higher sensing area is achieved at high concentration of sulfuric acid.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Md. Bellal Hossain.

Additional information

Etu Podder receieved her B.Sc. Engg. Degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) from Khulna University, Bangladesh in 2016 by securing 1st position. Her research areas are optics and photonics, bio-sensing, biomedical engineering, etc.

Md. Bellal Hossain completed both M.Sc and B.Sc. Engg. degrees in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Khulna University, Bangladesh in 2015 and 2018 respectively. Afterwards, he started PhD Program in Electrical and Information Engineering at The University of Sydney, Australia. He is a Member of IEEE. His research topics are nonlinear optics and photonics, bio-sensing, etc.

Rayhan Habib Jibon completed his B.Sc. degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) from Khulna University, Bangladesh in 2018. Presently, he is focused on the fields of photonics, biomedical engineering, and bio-sensors for his research purpose.

Abdullah Al-Mamun Bulbul joined Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh in April, 2018 as a Lecturer in the Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE). He received his M.Sc. (2017) and B.Sc. (2013) degrees in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) from Khulna University, Bangladesh. His current research includes optical & millimeter-wave communication, PCF, machine learning, IoT and WSN.

Himadri Shekhar Mondal received his B. Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Khulna University, Bangladesh, in 2015 and 2018, respectively. Himadri does research on optics, opto-electronics, distributed computing and cloud computing.

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Podder, E., Hossain, M.B., Jibon, R.H. et al. Chemical sensing through photonic crystal fiber: sulfuric acid detection. Front. Optoelectron. 12, 372–381 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-019-0903-8

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Keywords

  • refractive index
  • confinement loss
  • birefringence
  • relative sensitivity