Single polarization photonic crystal fiber filter based on surface plasmon resonance

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) polarization filter based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) characteristics. Gold nanowire is used as the active plasmonic material. Light into silica core becomes coupled to gold nanowire stimulating SPR. It splits light into two orthogonal (x-polarization and y-polarization) polarization in the second order of surface plasmon polarization. Numerical investigations of the proposed PCF filter is finite element method (FEM). By tuning the diameter of gold nanowire and shifting their position, the performance of the proposed PCF filter is inspected rigorously. Filtering of any polarization can be obtained by properly placing the metal wires. The maximum confinement loss of x-polarization is 692.25 dB/cm and y-polarization is 1.13 dB/cm offers at resonance position 1.42 μm. Such a confinement loss difference between two orthogonal polarizations makes PCF a talented candidate to filter devices. Consequently, the recommended PCF structure is useful for polarization device.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are very grateful to those who participated in this research work. There is no financial support for this research work.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kawsar Ahmed.

Additional information

Md. Nazmul Hossen completed B.Sc (Engg) degree in information and communication technology from Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology, Bangladesh. His research interests are biophotonics, machine learning, deep planning.

Md. Ferdous completed B.Sc (Engg) degree in information and communication technology from Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology, Bangladesh. His research interests are photonics, optical fiber communication, sensor design.

Kawsar Ahmed received the B.Sc. and M.Sc. Engineering degrees in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh. He has achieved gold medals for engineering faculty first both in B.Sc. (Engg.) and M.Sc. (Engg.) degrees from the university for his academic excellence. Currently, he is serving as an Assistant Professor at the same department. Before that, he joined as a lecturer at the same department and software engineering department in Daffodil International University. He has more than 100 publications in IEEE, IET, OSA, Elsevier, Springer, ISI and PubMed indexed journals. He has published two books on bioinformatics and photonic sensor design. He is research coordinator of Group of Biophotomatiχ. He is also member of IEEE, SPIE and OSA. He holds top position at his department as well as university and 4th top researcher in Bangladesh, 2017 (Scopus indexed based). His research group received SPIE travelling award and best paper award in IEEE WIECON ECE-2015 Conference. His research interests include sensor design, biophotonics, nanotechnology, data mining and bioinformatics.

Md. Abdul Khalek received the B.Sc. Eng. degree in information and communication technology from the Mawlana Bhashani Sciense and Technology University, Bangladesh, in 2016. His research interests include surface plasmon resonance, bio-photonics, terahertz communication; bio-informatics, data mining, photonics.

Sujan Chakma completed the B.Sc.Eng. in information and communication technology from Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Bangladesh. He has authored over one publication and co-authored over four publications. His research interest includes surface plasmons resonance (SPR), photonics, sensor design, biophotonics, nano-technology and bioinformatics.

Bikash Kumar Paul received the B.Sc Engineering degree in 2017 in information and communication technology (ICT) at Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail-1902 Bangladesh. That same year, he joined as a faculty member in Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Ranada Prasad Shaha University, Narayangong. Currently he is working as a fulltime faculty member in the Department of Software Engineering at Daffodil International University, Dhaka. As an active research member of “Group of Biophotomatic”, his current research interests are the development of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based sensor, fiber-optic sensors, biophotonics, low loss Terahertz (THz) waveguide. He has authored and co-authored more than 25 international scientific papers and conference presentations. He is also a member of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) and Optical Society of America (OSA).

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Hossen, M.N., Ferdous, M., Ahmed, K. et al. Single polarization photonic crystal fiber filter based on surface plasmon resonance. Front. Optoelectron. 12, 157–164 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-018-0843-8

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Keywords

  • photonic crystal fiber (PCF)
  • surface plasmonresonance (SPR)
  • perfectly match layer
  • polarization filter