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Reliability and validity of Japanese versions of KIDSCREEN-27 and KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaires

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Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine Aims and scope

An Erratum to this article was published on 31 March 2016

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of Japanese versions of the KIDSCREEN-27 (J-KIDSCREEN-27) and KIDSCREEN-10 (J-KIDSCREEN-10) questionnaires, which are shorter versions of the KIDSCREEN-52 (J-KIDSCREEN-52).

Methods

The present analyses are based on a pre-existing dataset of the J-KIDSCREEN-52 validation study, including 1564 children and adolescents aged 8–18 years and their 1326 parents. All were asked to complete the J-KIDSCREEN and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) questionnaires. Test–retest reliability was assessed with Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICCs) in a one-way random effects model, and internal consistency reliability was measured using Cronbach’s alpha coefficients. Agreement between child and parent scores was evaluated using ICCs in a two-way mixed effects model. To assess concurrent validity, a sub-sample of 535 parents evaluated their child’s mental health status using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Results

For children, test–retest ICCs were ≥0.60 and Cronbach’s alpha ≥0.70 for every dimension of both instruments. Correlations of corresponding dimensions between the J-KIDSCREEN-27 or -10 and the PedsQL were acceptable. For parents, test–retest ICCs were ≥0.60, Cronbach’s alpha ≥0.70, and ICCs between child and parent scores ≥0.41 in every dimension of both instruments. In multivariate logistic regression models, after adjusting for confounders, lower health-related QOL in every dimension of both instruments, except Physical Well-being, was significantly associated with higher odds ratios for borderline and clinical ranges of the SDQ.

Conclusion

The child/adolescent and parent/proxy versions of the J-KIDSCREEN-27 and J-KIDSCREEN-10 demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability and validity.

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Acknowledgments

We thank all volunteers who participated in this study. This research was partially supported by the JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), 2012–2015, (Hidemi Iwasaka 24330264).

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Correspondence to Norio Kurumatani.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Nezu, S., Iwasaka, H., Saeki, K. et al. Reliability and validity of Japanese versions of KIDSCREEN-27 and KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaires. Environ Health Prev Med 21, 154–163 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0510-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0510-x

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