Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 85–90

An overview of the China National Tobacco Corporation and State Tobacco Monopoly Administration

Short Communication

Abstract

Objectives

China is facing a serious public health problem in active and passive smokers. Confronted with this, China has taken some measures to control tobacco. However, this information has not been surveyed at academic level. Our aim is to investigate information relating to tobacco controls in China.

Methods

To find information relating to tobacco control, we reviewed and analysed the China National Tobacco Corporation (CNTC) and State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA) mainly by systematic examination of documents made available in the University of California, San Francisco Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and China Tobacco database.

Results

Eleven relevant documents met our research purpose, and 18 further relevant documents were found on the CNTC, STMA and Tobacco China database websites. As a result, 29 relevant articles were included in our analysis. We describe the CNTC and STMA’s history, structure, and relation to the Chinese Government ministry and to other tobacco companies, and China’s tobacco control in detail.

Conclusions

The Chinese cigarette market is dominated by a state-owned monopoly, the STMA. Under the protection of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Tobacco Monopoly, the STMA controls all aspects of the tobacco industry. As far as the Chinese tobacco monopoly is concerned, although smoking harms people’s health, restraining smoking threatens social stability and government income, which may be more serious problems for any government. China still has a long way to go in creating smoke-free environments.

Keywords

China Epidemiology Public health Smoking Tobacco control 

References

  1. 1.
    Chinese center for disease control and prevention. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) China 2010 Country Report. 2012. Available from: http://www.notc.org.cn/zyzx/lxbdc/201112/t20111219_55830.htm. Accessed 14 May 2012.
  2. 2.
    Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med. 2006;3:e442.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang G. The epidemiologic investigation of the smoking behavior among the Chinese population in 2002. Chin Smok Health. 2004;62:7–18.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu BQ, Peto R, Chen ZM, Boreham J, Wu YP, Li JY, et al. Emerging tobacco hazards in China: retrospective proportional morality study of one million deaths. BMJ. 1998;317:1411–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    World Health Organization. Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. 2011. Available from: http://www.who.int/fctc/signatories_parties/en/index.html. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  6. 6.
    China National Tobacco Corporation. Brochure of China National Tobacco Corporation. Bates Number: 400108996-400109016. 2011. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/tnn87a99. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  7. 7.
    Philip Morris International; China National Tobacco Corporation. The China National Tobacco Corporation and Philip Morris International announce the establishment of a long-term strategic cooperative partnership. 2011. Available from: http://www.philipmorrisinternational.com/pmintl/pages/eng/press/pr_20051221.asp. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  8. 8.
    STMA and CNTC. 2011. Available from: http://www.tobacco.gov.cn/html/index.html. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  9. 9.
    Anonyms. China National Tobacco Company (CNTC) State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (STMA). 2011. Bates Number: 2067470924/0932. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/gjj34a00. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  10. 10.
    Bennett C. Biggest in the world: an overview of the STMA and the Chinese cigarette industry. 2011. Bates Number: 531624185/4188. 2011. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/kbp76a00. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  11. 11.
    Tobacco China database. China tobacco’s changed or not under the reform of ministry. 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/focus/view/20084/2008422162143_298629.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  12. 12.
    Legislative affairs commission. National people’s congress of the people’s republic of China; State tobacco monopoly administration. Law of the people’s republic of China on tobacco monopoly. Bates Number: 2065339775/9798. 2011. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/dns63c00. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  13. 13.
    Euromonitor International. Tobacco in China. 2011. Available from: http://www.euromonitor.com/tobacco-in-china/report. Accessed 10 Nov 2011.
  14. 14.
    Philip Morris International. PMI @ a glance. 2011. Available from: http://www.philipmorrisinternational.com/PMINTL/pages/eng/ourbus/About_us.asp. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  15. 15.
    Delman F. Executive summary: Philip Morris and the China National Tobacco Corp (CNTC) signed an agreement for the production and marketing of Marlboro cigarettes, as well as other brands, in China. Bates Number: 517390653/0654. 2011. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/jmf97c00. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  16. 16.
    PMI and CNTC. The China National Tobacco Corporation and Philip Morris International announce the establishment of a long-term strategic cooperative partnership. 2011. Available from: http://www.philipmorrisinternational.com/pmintl/pages/eng/press/pr_20051221.asp. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  17. 17.
    British American Tobacco. Who we are. 2011. Available from: http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk_3mnfen.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO52ADCY?opendocument&SKN=1&TMP=1. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  18. 18.
    British American Tobacco China online. British American Tobacco China. 2011. Available from: http://www.batchina.com/. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  19. 19.
    Xinhua Net. British American Tobacco is destroying tobacco control in China. 2011. Available from: http://news.xinhuanet.com/herald/2009-01/12/content_10642519.htm. Accessed 10 Aug 2011.
  20. 20.
    He P, Yano E. Tobacco companies are booming despite an economic depression. Tob Induc Dis. 2009;5:9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nikkei. Japan Tobacco to Make Cigarettes in Shanghai. Bates Number: 2078786672B. 2010. Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/lne82c00. Accessed 10 Aug 2010.
  22. 22.
    Tobacco China database. JT in China: the advantage of being in a favored position? 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/data/20046/w_3438752_617161454.htm. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  23. 23.
    Tobacco China Database. Ministry of Health: quit smoking clinics are opened in 21 provinces of middle and western China. 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/control/gn//20094/2009437359_352898.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  24. 24.
    Ren J. Qing Dao city has signed to be the tobacco controlling city; smoking will be prohibited totally since 2011. 2011. Available from: http://news.tobaccochina.com/news/control/gn/20096/200962416122_365437.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  25. 25.
    Tobacco China Database. It is difficult to control tobacco in China, and committeeman advises that the ministry of health should be in charge. 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/control/gn/20093/200931115330_349022.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  26. 26.
    Tobacco China Database. Using “ugly” cigarettes box to save people’s health. 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/control/jk/20094/200941319947_354162.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  27. 27.
    Tobacco China Database. What is the biggest resistance of tobacco control in China? 2011. Available from: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/control/opinions/20096/200961519153_363991.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  28. 28.
    Tobacco China Database. 30 years memories of China tobacco’s policy of reform and opening-up. 2011. Available online: http://www.tobaccochina.com/news/analysis/wu/200811/2008111985219_332976.shtml. Accessed 10 Aug 2011 (in Chinese).
  29. 29.
    Hu TW, Mao Z, Ong M, Tong E, Tao M, Jiang H, et al. China at the crossroads: the economics of tobacco and health. Tob Control. 2006;15(Suppl 1):i37–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Hygiene 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Public HealthTeikyo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Social MedicineHarbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations