Journal of Transportation Security

, Volume 10, Issue 3–4, pp 171–187 | Cite as

Sustaining police officers’ motivation in aviation security

  • Ismail Cenk Demirkol
  • Mahesh K. Nalla


The focus of the present study is airport police officers. The aim of this study is to examine factors that determine and shape airport police officers’ work motivation in the context of goal-setting theory advanced by Locke and Latham (1990a) to improve the effectiveness of airport security. More specifically, we ask whether goal difficulty and goal specificity influence officers’ motivation. Additionally, we seek to determine if goal commitment, task significance, self-efficacy, feedback, rewards, and participatively set goals have a positive effect on police officers’ motivation. The results indicate that goal difficulty, goal specificity, task significance, commitment, self-efficacy, and rewards are related to police officers’ sense of motivation. That is, the goal-setting model is a practical tool that increases motivational skills of airport police officers to bolster aviation security. Thus, this model is a good starting point for assisting airport police officers in their work context and offering important insights and implications, theoretically and practically, in the field of aviation security.


Motivation Goal-setting theory Goal context Goal commitment Airport police officers 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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