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End-to-end test to evaluate the comprehensive geometric accuracy of a proton rotating gantry using a cone-shaped scintillator screen detector

Abstract

In this study, we aim to evaluate the comprehensive geometric accuracy of proton rotating gantries by performing an end-to-end test using a cone-shaped scintillator screen detector, known as XRV-124. The XRV-124 comprises a cone-shaped sheet-like scintillator and charge-coupled device camera that detects the scintillation light. First, the results of the Winston–Lutz and end-to-end XRV-124 tests performed on a conventional linear accelerator were compared to confirm the reliability of the XRV-124, and the snout position dependency of the geometric accuracy was evaluated for the proton rotating gantry as a pre-verification process. Thereafter, an end-to-end test including computed tomography imaging and irradiation in 30° steps from 0° to 330° for two proton rotating gantries, which have the same specifications, was performed. The results of the pre-verification indicated that sufficient accuracy was obtained for the end-to-end test of the proton rotating gantry. The end-to-end test results showed a peak-to-peak deviation of up to 2 mm for some of the coordinate axes. The two gantries exhibited almost similar results in terms of the absolute quantity; however, a few trends were different. Thus, the beam axis deviations were confirmed to be within the safety margin, as expected in clinical practice. Based on the results of this study, the XRV-124 can be used as a comprehensive end-to-end constancy test tool, as it enables a comparative verification of multiple rotating gantries and geometric accuracy verification of different treatment modalities.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the staff of Fujidenolo CO. LTD. for their assistance.

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Correspondence to Takahiro Kato.

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Kato, T., Yamazaki, Y., Kato, R. et al. End-to-end test to evaluate the comprehensive geometric accuracy of a proton rotating gantry using a cone-shaped scintillator screen detector. Radiol Phys Technol 13, 144–151 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12194-020-00562-7

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Keywords

  • End-to-end test
  • Proton beam
  • Quality assurance
  • Rotating gantry
  • Scintillator screen detector