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Child Indicators Research

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 2095–2110 | Cite as

Exploring the Influence School Climate on the Relationship between School Violence and Adolescent Subjective Well-Being

  • Jorge J. VarelaEmail author
  • David Sirlopú
  • Roberto Melipillán
  • Dorothy Espelage
  • Jennifer Green
  • Javier Guzmán
Article

Abstract

School climate plays a key, protecting role against adverse outcomes when young individuals face peer victimization. Here we examined the potential relationships among adolescent’s wellbeing, school violence, and school climate in a sample of 2006 Chilean students (48% female) aged 10–21 (M = 14.97, SD = 1.86) from 20 schools located in the same school department. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire assessing wellbeing, school violence, and school climate. Using multilevel (Hierarchical Linear Modeling; HLM) methods we found that positive interpersonal relationships (an indicator of school climate) were significantly associated to wellbeing at schools (γ01 = .24, p < .01). School bonding was also associated to peer victimization and wellbeing (γ90 = .14, p < .10). Our results highlight the importance of improving school related factors in order to achieve a more supportive environment for youth wellbeing.

Keywords

Adolescent wellbeing School violence School climate 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de PsicologíaUniversidad del DesarolloSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.School of EducationBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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