Child Indicators Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1983–2000 | Cite as

Internet Use by Children Aged six to nine: Parents’ Beliefs and Knowledge about Risk Prevention

  • Gemma Pons-SalvadorEmail author
  • Xud Zubieta-Méndez
  • Dolores Frias-Navarro


The majority of studies on children’s Internet use have focused on children aged 9 years or older. However, children start using the Internet at increasingly younger ages, making research on these children necessary. Available studies warn that parents should be aware of the importance of protecting minors when using the Internet. This study focuses on the evaluation of parents’ beliefs and knowledge about their 6 to 9-year-old children’s Internet use. The sample is composed of 1827 parents who received a specially designed questionnaire. Results of the descriptive analysis show that 78% of children of these ages use the Internet, mainly for homework and games. Most of the parents are aware of the benefits and risks of the Internet, but roughly half of them state that they do not know how to set up content filters or parental controls, which is rather relevant, taking into account that 40% of these young children are sometimes left alone when online. At this age, some children have already had a bad experience when using the Internet. This study highlights the importance of working with parents and their children from very young ages in order to prevent victimization.


Internet Children 6–9 year olds Parents’ beliefs Risks prevention Parental mediation 

Supplementary material

12187_2018_9529_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (271 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 271 kb)
12187_2018_9529_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (268 kb)
ESM 2 (PDF 267 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of ValenciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of ValenciaValenciaSpain

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