Child Indicators Research

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 79–96 | Cite as

The Same But Different? Applicability of a General Resilience Model to Understand a Population of Vulnerable Youth

  • Joseph M. BodenEmail author
  • Jackie Sanders
  • Robyn Munford
  • Linda Liebenberg


This study examined predictors of a measure of resilience in a sample of young people comprised of a study group (n = 593) facing significant challenges and a comparison group (n = 778) who were progressing more normatively. The study modelled the demographic, relationship, mental health and behavioural predictors of resilience within each group, and compared these models across groups. Results suggested that resilience was predicted by four factors: gender; conduct problems; depression; and parental monitoring. Although the study group faced significantly (p < .0001) greater levels of adversity than the comparison group, the fitted models for each group were broadly similar, suggesting that the processes and pathways leading to resilience were the same for the study group as for the comparison group, and as such, that general models of development can be applied to vulnerable youth.


Resilience At-risk youth Integrative data analysis 



The authors thank the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MAUX0901) for funding this research programme. They also gratefully thank all the young people and their supporters who participated in the research. They acknowledge the contribution of The Resilience Research Centre in Canada. Finally, they acknowledge the contribution of The Donald Beasley Institute, Kapiti Youth Support, Youthline Auckland and all the other researchers who helped with the research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Role of the Funding Body

The authors acknowledge that the funding body played no role in the design or analysis of the study, preparation of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph M. Boden
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jackie Sanders
    • 2
  • Robyn Munford
    • 2
  • Linda Liebenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychological MedicineUniversity of OtagoChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Health and Social ServicesMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  3. 3.Resilience Research CentreDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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