Assessing Spatial and Temporal Differences in State-Level Child Well-Being Based on Tests of Statistical Significance
- 176 Downloads
The concept of child well-being is central to the study of children and is reflected in data books, statistical indices, and report cards. Statistical indicators of child well-being are increasingly used to examine the quality of life for children. Such reports are often used to examine differences across geographic areas (spatial differences) and changes over time (temporal differences). In this study, indicators from a widely used report on child well-being are used to compare spatial differences and temporal differences among states in the U.S. based on tests of statistical significance. Results show that currently available indicators are better at detecting differences in child well-being between states at one point in time rather than state-level changes over time. Additionally, a state index of child well-being is constructed using statistically significant differences from the national data; the results of the new index proved to be similar to the more traditional z-score method.
KeywordsChild well-being Indicators Indices Scores or rankings
- Ben-Arieh, A. (2006). Measuring and monitoring the well-being of young children around the world. Paper Commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2007, Strong Foundations: Early Childhood Care and Education.Google Scholar
- Ben-Arieh, A., Casas, F., Frones, I., & Korbin, J. (Editors) (2015). Handbook of child well-being. Dordrecht: Springer Publisher.Google Scholar
- Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2014). National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): summary of methodological studies, 1971–2014. Rockville: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHmethodsSummary2013/NSDUHmethodsSummary2013.pdf.
- Child Trends. (2002). Public understanding of standard errors: a report to the KIDS COUNT project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Washington: Child Trends.Google Scholar
- Children’s Defense Fund. (2014). The State of America’s Children: 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.childrensdefense.org/library/state-of-americas-children/. Accessed 15 Nov 2014.
- Children’s Rights Council. (1998). Children’s rights council: top ten states to raise a child. Washington: Children’s Rights Council.Google Scholar
- Every Child Matters Education Fund. (2008). Geography matters: child well-being in the states. Washington: Every Child Matters Fund.Google Scholar
- Foundation for Child Development. (2013). 2010 child and youth well-being index (CWI). New York: Foundation for Child Development.Google Scholar
- Heron, M., Hoyert, D.L., Murphy, S.L., Xu, J., Kochanek, K.D., & Tejadada-Vera, B. (2009). Deaths: Final Data for 2006. Retrieved from http://webarchive.library.unt.edu/eot2008/20090506032035/http:/www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_14.pdf.
- Lamb, V.L., & Land, K.C. (2013). Methodologies used in the construction of composite child well-being indices. In A. Ben-Arieh, F. Casas, I. Frones, J. Korbin (Ed.), Handbook of child well-being, Springer Publishers.Google Scholar
- Lamb, V. L., & O’Hare, W. P. (2013). Scalability of the CWI: state-level indicators and composite indices. Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research, 6, 161–187.Google Scholar
- La Red por Los Derechos de la Infancia en Mexico. (2013). La Infancia Cuenta en Mexico, 2010: Libro de Datos. Mexico City.Google Scholar
- Lee, B. J., Kim, S. S., Ahn, J. J., & Yoo, J. (2013). What does composite well-being index of children tell us about Korean children’s quality of life? Seoul: Save the Children Korea and Institute of Social Welfare, Seoul National University.Google Scholar
- Mather, M., & Dupuis, G. (2012). The new KIDS COUNT index. Baltimore: The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Retrieved from http://datacenter.kidscount.org/~/media/163/KIDSCOUNTIndex.pdf.
- Moore, K.A., Murphey, D., Bandy, T., & Lawner, E. (2014). Indices of child well-being and developmental contexts. In Handbook of child well-being, Springer Netherlands (pp. 2807–2822).Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics. (2011). NAEP Technical Documentation. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/tdw/.
- National Center for Health Statistics. (1994). Vital statistics of the United States: 1994 mortality, technical appendix. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
- National Science Board (2004). Public Knowledge about Science and Technology. In Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. Retrieved from http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind04/c7/c7s2.htm.
- O’Hare, W. P. (2006). Developing state indices of child well-being. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
- O’Hare, W. P. (2012). Use of domains in indices of child well-being. Heidelberg: Presentation at International Society for Child Indicators Board Meeting.Google Scholar
- O’Hare, W. P. (2014a). data-based child advocacy: using statistical indicators to improve the lives of children, Springer.Google Scholar
- O’Hare, W. P., & Gutierrez, F. (2012). The use of domains in constructing a comprehensive composite index of child well-being. Child Indicators Research, 5(4), 609–629.Google Scholar
- O’Hare, W. P., & Lamb, V. L. (2004). Ranking states based on improvement in child well-being during the 1990s, KIDS COUNT working paper. Baltimore: The Annie E. Casey Foundation.Google Scholar
- O’Hare, W. P., & Lamb, V. L. (2009). Ranking states on improvement in child well-being since 2000, KIDS COUNT working paper. Baltimore: the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.aecf.org/resources/ranking-states-on-improvement-in-child-well-being-since-2000/.
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2008). Handbook on constructing composite indicators: methodology and user guide. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.Google Scholar
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). Doing better for children, 2009, chapter 2. Paris: Comparative Child Well-Being Across the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.Google Scholar
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014). Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. NSDUH Series H-48, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4863. Rockville.Google Scholar
- The Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2006). KIDS COUNT data book 2006, state trends in child well-being. Baltimore: The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Retrieved from www.kidscount.org.
- The Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2014). KIDS COUNT data book 2014, state trends in child well-being. Baltimore: The Annie E Casey Foundation. Retrieved from www.kidscount.org.
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Center. (2013). Child well-being in rich countries: a comparative overview, Report Card 11, Innocenti Research Centre, Florence.Google Scholar
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. (2007). Child poverty in perspective: an overview of child well-being in rich countries a comprehensive assessment of the lives and well-being of children and adolescents in the economically advanced nations, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Report Card 7, Florence.Google Scholar
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. (2010). The Children left behind: league table of inequality in child well-being in the worlds rich countries, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Report Card 9, Florence ItalyGoogle Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2014). Methodology for the United States Population Estimates: Vintage 2014. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/popest/methodology/2014-natstcopr-meth.pdf.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. (2005). The health and well-being of children: a portrait of the states and nation; 2005. Washington: Health and Resources and Services Administration.Google Scholar