Astor, R. A., Benbenishty, R., Zeira, A., & Vinokur, A. (2002). School climate, observed risky behaviors, and victimization as predictors of high school students’ fear and judgments of school violence as a problem. Health Education and Behavior, 29, 716–736.
Batsche, G., & Knoff, H. (1994). Bullies and their victims: understanding a pervasive problem in the schools. School Psychology Review, 23, 165–75.
Bhutani, R., Sudhir, P. M., & Philip, M. (2014). Teasing experiences, interpersonal sensitivity, self-schema and psychological distress in youth: an exploratory study. Psychological Studies, 59(3), 241–251. doi:10.1007/s12646-014-0261-y.
Borg, M. (1998). The emotional reactions of school bullies and their victims. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, 18, 433–444.
Bowers, L., Smith, P. K., & Binney, V. (1994). Perceived family relationships of bullies, victims and bully/victims in middle childhood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11, 215–232.
Bowes, L., Maughan, B., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Arseneault, L. (2010). Families promote emotional and behavioural resilience to bullying: evidence of an environmental effect. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, 51(7), 809–817.
Breiman, L., Fiedman, J., Stone, C. J., & Olshen, R. A. (1984). Classification and regression trees. Oxford: Taylor and Francis.
Cantone, E., Piras, A. P., Vellante, M., Preti, A., Daníelsdóttir, S., D’Aloja, E., … Bhugra, D. (2015). Interventions on bullying and cyberbullying in schools: a systematic review. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH, 11(Suppl 1 M4), 58–76. doi:10.2174/1745017901511010058.
Colvin, G., Tobin, T., Beard, K., Hagan, S., & Sprague, J. (1998). The school bully: assessing the problem, developing interventions and future research directions. Journal of Behavioral Education, 8, 293–319.
D’Antona, R., Kevorkian, M., & Russom, A. (2010). Sexting, texting, cyberbullying and keeping youth safe online. Journal of Social Science, 6, 521–526.
Espelage, D. L., Bosworth, K., & Simon, T. R. (2000). Examining the social context of bullying behaviors in early adolescence. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78, 326–333.
Flouri, E., & Buchanan, A. (2003). The role of father involvement and mother involvement in adolescents' psychological well-being. British Journal Of Social Work, 33(3), 399–406.
Ivarsson, T., Broberg, A. G., & Arvidsson, T. (2005). Bullying in adolescence: psychiatric problems in victims and bullies as measured by the youth self-report (YSR) and the depression self-rating scale (DSRS). Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 59, 365–373.
Kaltiala-Heino, R., Rimpela, M., Rantanen, P., & Rimpela, A. (2000). Bullying at school: an indicator of adolescents at risk for mental disorders. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 661–674.
Khoury-Kassabri, M., Benbenishty, R., Astor, R. A., & Zeira, A. (2004). The contributions of community, family, and school variables to student victimization. American Journal of Community Psychology, 34, 187–204.
Larson, R., & Richards, M. H. (1991). Daily companionship in late childhood and early adolescence-changing developmental contexts. Child Development, 62, 284–300.
Lee, C. (2011). An ecological systems approach to bullying behaviors among middle school students in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26, 1664–1693.
Lee, C., & Song, J. (2012). Functions of parental involvement and effects of school climate on bullying behaviors among South Korea middle school students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27, 2437–2464.
Ma, L., Phelps, E., Lerner, J. V., & Lerner, R. M. (2009). Academic competence for adolescents who bully and who are bullied. Journal of Early Adolescence, 29, 862–897.
Macklem, G. L. (2003). Bullying and teasing social power in children’s groups. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
McCabe, R., Antony, M., Summerfeldt, L., Liss, A., & Swinson, R. (2003). Preliminary examination of the relationship between anxiety disorders in adults and self-reported history of teasing or bullying experiences. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 32, 187–193.
Moon, S. S., Patton, J., & Rao, U. (2010). An ecological approach to understanding youth violence: the mediating role of substance Use. Journal of Human Behavior In The Social Environment, 20(7), 839–856. doi:10.1080/10911351003751918.
Moon, S. S., Kang, S.-Y., Jitpitaklert, W., & Kim, S. B. (2011). Religious involvement, physical health, psychological distress, and smoking behavior among older adults. Expert Systems with Applications: An International Journal, 39, 445–451.
Moon, S. S., Karlson, A., & Kim, Y. (2015). Peer victimization and adolescent suicide: the mediating effect of risk behaviors. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 32, 257–268.
Nansel, T., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Ruan, W. J., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among U.S. Youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 2094–2100.
National School Climate Center (2015). Measuring school climate. Retrived October 8, 2015, from http://www.schoolclimate.org/climate/practice.php.
NCH (2005). Putting u in the picture: Mobile phone bullying survey 2005. Retrieved from http://www.filemaker.co.uk/educationcentre/downloads/articles/Mobile_bullying_report.pdf.
Orpinas, P., & Morne, A. M. (2006). Bullying prevention: Creating a positive school climate and developing social competence. Washington: American Psychological Association.
Owusu, A., Hart, P., Oliver, B., & Kang, M. (2011). The association between bullying and psychological health among senior high school students in Ghana, West African. Journal of School Health, 81, 231–238.
Parkhurst, J. T., & Hopmeyer, A. (1998). Sociometric popularity and peer-perceived popularity: Two distinct dimensions of peer status. Journal of Early Adolescence, 18, 125–144.
Paul, J., & Cillessen, T. (2003). Dynamics of peer victimization in early adolescence: results from a four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 19, 25–44.
Perkins, D. F. (2002). An ecological risk-factor examination of suicide ideation and behavior of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 17, 3–26.
Raskauskas, J., & Stoltz, A. D. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43, 564–575.
Robers, S., Zhang, J., and Truman, J. Snyder, T. D. (2012). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2011 (NCES 2012-002/NCJ 236021). National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC.
Salford Systems. (2008). CART 6.0 User’s Guide. Available at http://dist.salford-systems.com/CART6/CART6.pdf
Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2008). Bully victims: psychological and somatic aftermaths. Psychiatry, 5(6), 62–64.
Schneider, S. K., O’Donnell, L., Stueve, A., & Coulter, R. W. S. (2012). Cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: a regional census of high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 171–177. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300308.
Shetgiri, R., Lin, H., Avila, R. M., & Flores, G. (2012). Parental characteristics associated with bullying perpetration in US children aged 10 to 17 years. American Journal of Public Health, 102(12), 2280–2286. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300725.
Slonje, R., & Smith, P. K. (2008). Cyberbullying: another main type of bullying? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(2), 147–154. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00611.x.
Small, S. A., & Luster, T. (1994). Adolescent sexual activity: an ecological risk-factor approach. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 181–192.
Smith, P. K., Madsen, K. C., & Moody, J. C. (1999). What causes the age decline in reports of being bullied at school? towards a developmental analysis of risks of being bullied. Educational Research, 41, 267–285.
Smith, P. K., Shu, S., & Madsen, K. (2001). Characteristics of victims of schoolbullying: developmental changes in copingstrategies ands skills. In J. Juoven and S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment at school: the plight of the vulnerable and victimised (pp. 332–352). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 376–385.
Spriggs, A. L., Iannotti, R. J., Nansel, T. R., & Haynie, D. L. (2001). Adolescent bullying involvement and perceived family, peer, and school relations: commonalities and differences across race/ethnicity. Journal of Adolescents Health, 41, 283–293.
Stephens, R. D. (1994). Planning for safer and better schools: School violence prevention and intervention strategies. School Psychology Review, 23, 204–215.
Stevens, V., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & Oost, P. V. (2002). Relationship of the family environment to children’s involvement in bully/victim problems at school. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31, 419–428.
Storch, E., Brassard, M., & Masia-Warner, C. (2003). The relationship of peer victimization to social anxiety and loneliness in adolescence. Child Study Journal, 33, 1–18.
Swan, G. E., Javitz, H. S., Jack, L. M., et al. (2004). Heterogeneity in 12-month outcome among female and male smokers. Addiction, 99, 237–250.
Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J., Luk, J. W., & Nansel, T. R. (2010). Co-occurrence of victimization from five subtypes of bullying: physical, verbal, social exclusion, spreading rumors, and cyber. Journal Of Pediatric Psychology, 35(10), 1103–1112.
Yan, F. A., Howard, D. E., Beck, K. H., Shattuck, T., & Hallmark-Kerr, M. (2010). Psychosocial correlates of physical dating violence victimization among Latino early adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25, 808–831.