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Chronic myeloid leukemia in solid organ transplant patients: a case series


Solid organ transplant (SOT) has transformed the survival and quality of life of patients with end-organ dysfunction. Lifelong need for immunosuppressive medications prolongs life expectancy, but results in altered immune function and is associated with a higher risk of certain malignancies, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In this article, we report on six patients, aged 41–79 years, diagnosed with CML, from 3 to 132 months post-various organ transplants and treated with different tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), including first generation (i.e., imatinib) and second generation (i.e., dasatinib and nilotinib). Use of second-generation TKIs has not been previously reported in this population. In these six cases, treatment with different TKIs in SOT patients was feasible, well tolerated and achieved good efficacy, which was maintained in extended follow-up, as well.

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Correspondence to Irina Amitai.

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Amitai, I., Abulafia, A.S., Raanani, P. et al. Chronic myeloid leukemia in solid organ transplant patients: a case series. Int J Hematol 113, 214–218 (2021).

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  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Solid organ transplant
  • Imatinib
  • Dasatinib
  • Nilotinib