Prognostic values of increased B7 family proteins in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients with aGVHD

Abstract

It has been reported that B7H1 and B7H3 play a role in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the major cause of treatment-related mortality (TRM) in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) patients; however, the prognostic value of these factors has not been defined. We retrospectively collected 64 haplo-HSCT patients in our hospital from 2013 to 2014, as well as 38 HLA-matched-HSCT patients during the same period as the control group. We analyzed B7H1, B7H3, PD1, soluble CD25, ST2 and TNFR1 at 0 day, + 7 days, + 14 days and + 28 days after HSCT. The + 7 days/+ 14 days B7H1/B7H3 and + 28 days ST2 serum levels were higher in patients with aGVHD who underwent haplo-HSCT. Moreover, + 7 days B7H1/B7H3 serum levels were predictive of grade III–IV aGVHD (B7H1: AUC = 0.830, P < 0.001; B7H3: AUC = 0.775, P = 0.001). Haplo-HSCT patients with higher + 7 days B7H1/B7H3 or + 28 days ST2 serum levels had poor GVHD-related mortality (GRM) (B7H1: P < 0.001; B7H3: P = 0.002; ST2: P = 0.047). Multivariate analysis revealed that the + 7 days B7H1 serum level (P = 0.041), as well as viral infection (P = 0.015) and donor age (P = 0.012), could independently predict GRM. Collectively, we found that + 7 days B7H1/B7H3 serum levels can predict grade III–IV aGVHD, while only the + 7 days B7H1 serum level, together with viral infection and donor age, could independently predict GRM in patients with haplo-HSCT.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BL20171205), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81302046, 81670164, 81730003), Innovation Capability Development Project of Jiangsu Province (BM2015004), National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0902800, 2017YFA0104502).

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Correspondence to Yang Xu or Depei Wu.

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Zhou, B., Wang, T., Lei, L. et al. Prognostic values of increased B7 family proteins in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients with aGVHD. Int J Hematol 109, 451–462 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12185-019-02605-1

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Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • B7H1
  • B7H3
  • Haplo-HSCT
  • aGVHD