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Gelberman RH, Yamaguchi K, Hollstien SB, Winn SS, Heidenreich Jr FP, Bindra RR, et al. Changes in interstitial pressure and cross-sectional area of the cubital tunnel and of the ulnar nerve with flexion of the elbow. An experimental study in human cadavera. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998;80:492–501.
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Strauch B, Lang A, Ferder M, Keyes-Ford M, Freeman K, Newstein D. The ten test. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997;99:1074–8.
Novak CB, Lee GW, Mackinnon SE, Lay L. Provocative testing for cubital tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg [Am]. 1994;19:817–20.
Cheng CJ, Mackinnon-Patterson B, Beck JL, Mackinnon SE. Scratch collapse test for evaluation of carpal and cubital tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg [Am]. 2008;33:1518–24.
Davidge KM, Gontre G, Tang D, Boyd KU, Yee A, Damiano MS, et al. The “hierarchical” Scratch Collapse Test for identifying multilevel ulnar nerve compression. Hand (N Y). 2015;10:388–95. The addition of topical anesthetic to the scratch collapse test can provide a meaningful understanding of multiple points of compression of the ulnar nerve along its course from the brachium to the distal ulnar tunnel.
Brown JM, Mokhtee D, Evangelista MS, Mackinnon SE. Scratch collapse test localizes Osborne’s band as the point of maximal nerve compression in cubital tunnel syndrome. Hand (N Y). 2010;5:141–7.
Calfee RP, Manske PR, Gelberman RH, Van Steyn MO, Steffen J, Goldfarb CA. Clinical assessment of the ulnar nerve at the elbow: reliability of instability testing and the association of hypermobility with clinical symptoms. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92:2801–8.
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Krogue JD, Aleem AW, Osei DA, Goldfarb CA, Calfee RP. Predictors of surgical revision after in situ decompression of the ulnar nerve. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015;24:634–9. The revision rate after in situ decompression for cubital tunnel syndrome was 19% in this series, with 77% of the revisions were performed within 2 years of the in situ decompression. Risk factors for revision surgery after in situ decompression included prior elbow fracture or dislocation and surgery performed for patients with mild symptoms and no motor weakness.
Aleem AW, Krogue JD, Calfee RP. Outcomes of revision surgery for cubital tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg [Am]. 2014;39:2141–9. In this series reporting outcomes after revision surgery following prior cubital tunnel procedures, approximately half of patients had persistence of constant symptoms and worse patient-reported outcomes than those undergoing primary surgery. With these findings in mind, we make every effort to perform a complete decompression and provide a tension-free path for the transposed nerve with no points of new compression or kinking.
Mackinnon SE, Novak CM. Compression Neuropathies. In: Wolfe SW, Hotchkiss RN, Pederson WC, Kozin SH, ed. Green’s Operative Hand Surgery. 6th Edition ed.: Churchill Livingstone, 2005:977.
Mackinnon SE, Novak CB. Operative findings in reoperation of patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. Hand (N Y). 2007;2:137–43.
Brown JM, Yee A, Mackinnon SE. Distal median to ulnar nerve transfers to restore ulnar motor and sensory function within the hand: technical nuances. Neurosurgery. 2009;65:966–77. discussion 977-8.
Davidge KM, Yee A, Moore AM, Mackinnon SE. The supercharge end-to-side anterior interosseous-to-ulnar motor nerve transfer for restoring intrinsic function: clinical experience. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015;136:344e–52e. In the appropriately-selected patient, adding an end-to-side nerve transfer of the anterior interosseous nerve to the ulnar motor nerve can augment recovery of motor function in patients with chronic compression neuropathy of the ulnar nerve.
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Phillips BZ, Stockburger C, Mackinnon SE. Ulnar nerve transection during Tommy John surgery: novel findings and approach to treatment. Hand (N Y). 2015;10:555–8.
Poppler LH, Davidge K, Lu JC, Armstrong J, Fox IK, Mackinnon SE. Alternatives to sural nerve grafts in the upper extremity. Hand (N Y). 2015;10:68–75.