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Mechanical, Anatomical, and Kinematic Axis in TKA: Concepts and Practical Applications

  • TKA Symposium (P Sancheti, Section Editor)
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Abstract

Successful total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has often been based on the restoration of the knee to neutral alignment postoperatively. Numerous reports have linked malaligned TKA components to increased wear, poor functional outcomes, and failure. There have been many different alignment philosophies and surgical techniques that have been established to attain the goal of proper alignment, which includes such techniques as computerized navigation, and custom cutting guides. In addition, these methods could potentially have the added benefit of leading to improved functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty. In this report, we have reviewed and analyzed recent reports concerning mechanical, anatomic, and kinematic axis/alignment schemes used in total knee arthroplasty.

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Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Conflict of Interest

Jeffrey J. Cherian, Samik Banerjee, Julio J. Jauregui, and Kimona Issa declare that they have no conflict of interest. Bhaveen H. Kapadia reports personal fees and other from Sage Products, Inc., outside the submitted work.

Michael A. Mont receives royalties from Stryker; Wright Medical Technology, Inc; is a paid consultant for DJ Orthopaedics; Janssen; Joint Active Systems; Medtronic; Sage Products, Inc.; Stryker; TissueGene; Wright Medical Technology, Inc.; has received research support from DJ Orthopaedics; Joint Active Systems; National Institutes of Health (NIAMS & NICHD); Sage Products, Inc.; Stryker; Tissue Gene; Wright Medical Technology, Inc.; is in editorial/governing board of American Journal of Orthopedics; Journal of Arthroplasty; Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American; Journal of Knee Surgery; Surgical Techniques International; and is a board member for AAOS.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Cherian, J.J., Kapadia, B.H., Banerjee, S. et al. Mechanical, Anatomical, and Kinematic Axis in TKA: Concepts and Practical Applications. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 7, 89–95 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-014-9218-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-014-9218-y

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