Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Weight Loss and CVD Risk Management

  • Carl Fulwiler
  • Judson A. Brewer
  • Sinead Sinnott
  • Eric B. Loucks
Novel + Emerging Risk Factors (K Nasir and R Santos, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Novel and Emerging Risk Factors

Abstract

Obesity affects more than one third of US adults and is a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, primarily from cardiovascular disease. Traditional behavioral interventions for weight loss typically focus on diet and exercise habits and often give little attention to the role of stress and emotions in the initiation and maintenance of unhealthy behaviors, which may account for their modest results and considerable variability in outcomes. Stress eating and emotional eating are increasingly recognized as important targets of weight loss interventions. Mindfulness-based interventions were specifically developed to promote greater self-efficacy in coping with stress and negative emotions and appear to be effective for a variety of conditions. In recent years, researchers have begun to study mindfulness interventions for weight loss and CVD risk management. This review describes the rationale for the use of mindfulness in interventions for weight loss and CVD risk management, summarizes the research to date, and suggests priorities for future research.

Keywords

Obesity Cardiovascular disease Weight loss Stress eating Mindfulness CVD risk management Interventions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Fulwiler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Judson A. Brewer
    • 2
  • Sinead Sinnott
    • 3
  • Eric B. Loucks
    • 4
  1. 1.Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Center for Mindfulness, Department of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Assumption CollegeWorcesterUSA
  4. 4.Department of EpidemiologyBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA

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