Healthy behaviors (e.g., eating a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, smoking cessation) are associated with a reduction in the incidence and mortality of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular disease. There have been many examples of health behavior interventions leading to improvements in NCDs and their risk factors, such as hypertension. However, despite their potential benefits, the uptake of existing behavioral interventions has been limited. Among many barriers to implementation of behavioral treatments are concerns about methodological inadequacies. The current manuscript discusses recent advances in frameworks for the development of interventions, the reporting of trials and their protocols, and areas which need further work. The goal of this article is to increase awareness and encourage further debate about how best to promote high-quality behavioral intervention research.
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The members of the IBTN (IBTNetwork.org) would like to thank the Canadian Institutes of Health Research—MPE 132280 for the initial funding for the network and Mr. Guillaume Lacoste for overseeing the coordination of the network. In addition, Drs. Bacon and Lavoie both received salary support from the Fonds de Recherche du Quebec—Sante and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research which aid in the maintenance of the network.
Founding Members of the IBTN
|Simon Bacon, PhD||Concordia University and Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal||Professor of Exercise Science and Co-Director of the Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre|
|Kim Lavoie, PhD||Université du Québec à Montréal and Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal||Professor of Psychology and Co-Director of the Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre|
|Gregory Ninot, PhD||University of Montpellier||Director of the Epsylon Laboratory|
|Jean Bourbeau, MD||Montreal Chest Institute and McGill University||Director of the Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit (RECRU)|
|Isabelle Boutron, MD||University Paris Descartes and INSERM U738||Professor of Clinical Epidemiology|
|Tim Caulfield, PhD||University of Alberta||Canada Research Chair in Health Law and Policy|
|Susan Czajkowski, PhD||National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH||Program Director|
|Karina Davidson, PhD||Columbia University||Director of the Center for Behavioral and Cardiovascular Health|
|Kenneth Freedland, PhD||Washington University School of Medicine||Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology|
|Gaston Godin, PhD||Laval University||Professor Emeritus|
|Susan Michie, PhD||University College London||Director of the Health Psychology Research Group|
|David Moher, PhD||Ottawa Hospital Research Institute||University of Ottawa Research Chair|
|Paul Montgomery, DPhil||Oxford University||Professor of Psycho-Social Intervention|
|Lynda Powell, PhD||Rush University Medical Center||Charles J. and Margaret Roberts Professor of Preventive Medicine|
|Lise Rochaix, PhD||Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne||Professeur des Universités en Sciences économiques|
|David Secko, PhD||Concordia University||Team Leader of the Concordia Science Journalism Project|
|Stan Shapiro, PhD||McGill University||Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics|
|Bonnie Spring, PhD||Northwestern University||Director of the Center for Behavior and Health|
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Kenneth Freedland, Kim Lavoie, Susan Czajkowski, Susan Michie, Lynda H. Powell, Gregory Ninot, and Bonnie Spring have no conflicts of interest. Simon Bacon received a grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the Fonds de Recherche du Quebec—Sante. Paul Montgomery received support from CIHR.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Physical Activity
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Bacon, S.L., Lavoie, K.L., Ninot, G. et al. An International Perspective on Improving the Quality and Potential of Behavioral Clinical Trials. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep 9, 427 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12170-014-0427-0
- Behavioral trials
- Clinical trials
- Control groups
- Treatment fidelity
- International Behavioural Trials Network