Does Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Influence Cardiovascular Risk Independent of Weight Gain and Obesity? an Update of the Epidemiologic Evidence
- 306 Downloads
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) contain high amounts of nutrient-deficient calories in the form of rapidly digestible carbohydrates. Substantial evidence links SSB consumption to an increased risk for obesity and weight gain, which is hypothesized to result from incomplete compensatory reductions in energy intake at subsequent meals after beverage consumption. Higher levels of SSB consumption have also been associated with unfavorable levels of several other traditional cardiovascular risk factors, such as impaired glucose metabolism, hypertension, dyslipidemia, as well as a higher incidence of coronary heart disease. Although the excess obesity that results from SSB consumption likely contributes elevated risk for the development of a variety of adverse health conditions, epidemiologic evidence is emerging indicating that the relationship between SSB consumption and the incidence of cardiovascular disease events and several traditional cardiovascular risk factors is not fully explained by conventional mediators, including obesity. This review summarizes the current epidemiologic evidence from population-based and epidemiologic cohort studies that both supports and refutes the adverse impact of SSB consumption on cardiovascular health that may occur independently of obesity and weight gain.
KeywordsSugar-sweetened beverages Cardiovascular risk Risk factors Obesity Review
Conflict of Interest
Christina M. Shay declares that hat she has no conflict of interest.
Michelle E. Dennison-Farris declares that she has no conflict of interest.
- 6.Aeberli I, Gerber PA, Hochuli M, Kohler S, Haile SR, Gouni-Berthold I, et al. Low to moderate sugar-sweetened beverage consumption impairs glucose and lipid metabolism and promotes inflammation in healthy young men: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011.Google Scholar
- 36.de Carvalho Sales-Peres SH, Magalhaes AC, de Andrade Moreira Machado MA, Buzalaf MA. Evaluation of the erosive potential of soft drinks. Eur J Dentist. 2007;1:10–3.Google Scholar