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Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 10, Issue 12, pp 3924–3933 | Cite as

Characterization of Chlorogenic Acids in Coffee by Flow-Through Chronopotentiometry

  • Ivana TomacEmail author
  • Marijan Šeruga
  • Ernest Beinrohr
Article

Abstract

In this study, flow-through chronopotentiometry (FTCP) has been developed as an electroanalytical method for characterization (identification and quantification) of chlorogenic acids (CGAs) in coffees. The characterization of CGAs in coffee was based on the electrochemical behavior of the main chlorogenic acid (CGAs) isomers presented in coffee (caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs), dicaffeoylquinic acids (diCQAs), and feruloylquinic acids (FQAs)) and the spiking of CGAs standards in coffee samples. The FTCP study has shown that electrochemical properties of CGAs strongly depend on their chemical structure and electronic properties, particularly on the presence of electron-donating −OH, −CH═CH− and −OCH3 groups and strong electron-withdrawing ester (−COOR) group presented in their structure. The FTCP measurements of coffee samples show that their electrochemical behavior is very similar to that of CGAs. Therefore, FTCP can be used for characterization of CGAs and determination of their content in coffees. 5-O-Caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA), prevailed CGAs in coffees, was used as a standard for quantification of total CGA content in coffee. The linear calibration curve of 5-CQA was observed within the concentration range of 5 to 100 μmol L−1 with the limit of detection 5.7·10−7 mol L−1. The total CGA content of coffees has been expressed in 5-CGA equivalents per 100 g of coffee. It was shown that FTCP is a very sensitive, precise, and acurate method for determination of total CGA content in coffee. It should be noted that in presented investigation, FTCP was for the first time used for the study of electrochemical properties of polyphenolic antioxidants (including CGAs) and their characterization in some of the food samples.

Keywords

Flow-through chronopotentiometry Chlorogenic acids Coffee Total CGAs content 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Dr. Irena Dokli and Dr. Zdenko Hameršak, from the Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia for kindly providing the samples of FQAs.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Ivana Tomac declares that she has no conflict of interest. Marijan Šeruga declares that he has no conflict of interest. Ernest Beinrohr declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Faculty of Food TechnologyUniversity of OsijekOsijekCroatia
  2. 2.Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food TechnologyBratislavaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in TrnavaTrnavaSlovak Republic

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