Skip to main content
Log in

Vortex-Assisted Solidified Floating Organic Drop Microextraction of Molybdenum in Beverages and Food Samples Coupled with Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

  • Published:
Food Analytical Methods Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

A simple, rapid, sensitive, and selective vortex-assisted solidified floating organic drop microextraction (VA-SFODME) method was developed for the determination of molybdenum in beverages and food samples by using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). 4-Amino-3-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (AHNA) was used as complexing reagent. 1-Undecanol was used as extraction solvent. Analytical parameters were investigated and optimized as pH 5, ligand amount 1 mg, volume of 1-undecanol 100 μL, extraction time 4 min, and sample volume 20 mL. Under optimum conditions, enrichment factor (EF) and limit of detection (LOD) for Mo(VI) were found to be 133 and 10 ng L−1, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was found to be 2.5 %. Matrix effects of some cations, anions, and transition metal ions were also investigated. The accuracy of the VA-SFODME method was confirmed by the analysis of certified reference materials (NIST SRM 1568a rice flour, GBW 07605 tea, and NIST SRM 1577b bovine liver). Optimized method was successfully applied to beverages and food samples after microwave digestion method.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Agrawal YK, Sharma KR (2005) Speciation, liquid–liquid extraction, sequential separation, preconcentration, transport and ICP-AES determination of Cr(III), Mo(VI) and W(VI) with calix-crown hydroxamic acid in high purity grade materials and environmental samples. Talanta 67(1):112–120

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bidabadi MS, Dadfarnia S, Shabani AMH (2009) Solidified floating organic drop microextraction (SFODME) for simultaneous separation/preconcentration and determination of cobalt and nickel by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). J Hazard Mater 166:291–296

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Citak D, Tuzen M (2010) A novel preconcentration procedure using cloud point extraction for determination of lead, cobalt and copper in water and food samples using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chem Toxicol 48:1399–1404

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dadfarnia S, Shabani AMH, Kamranzadeh E (2009) Separation/preconcentration and determination of cadmium ions by solidification of floating organic drop microextraction and FI-AAS. Talanta 79:1061–1065

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dass R, Kapoor JK, Gambhir S (2014) Spectrophotometric determination of molybdenum using surfactant-mediated liquid liquid extraction. Turk J Chem 38:328–337

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Escudero L, Gil RA, Gasquez JA, Olsina RA, Martinez LD (2008) Trace molybdenum determination in drinking waters by USN-ICP-OES after solid phase extraction on ethyl vinyl acetate turnings-packed minicolumn. At Spectrosc 29:21–26

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ferreira SLC, dos Santos HC, Campos RC (2003) The determination of molybdenum in water and biological samples by graphite furnace atomic spectrometry after polyurethane foam column separation and preconcentration. Talanta 61(6):789–795

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Filik H, Aksu D, Apak R, Boz I (2009a) Rapid sensing of molybdenum by combined colorimetric solid-phase extraction—reflectance spectroscopy. Sensors Actuators B 141:491–497

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Filik H, Cengel T, Apak R (2009b) Selective cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric determination of molybdenum(VI) ion in seawater samples. J Hazard Mater 169:766–771

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2001) Dietary reference intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. National Academic Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Gharehbaghi M, Shemirani F (2011) Ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and enhanced spectrophotometric determination of molybdenum (VI) in water and plant leaves samples by FO-LADS. Food Chem Toxicol 49:423–428

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Greenberg E, Clesceri LS, Eaton AD (eds) (2000) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste-water. American Public Health Association, Washington DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurkan R, Aksoy U, Ulusoy HI, Akcay M (2013) Determination of low levels of molybdenum (VI) in food samples and beverages by cloud point extraction coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry. J Food Compos Anal 32:74–82

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jamaluddin Ahmed M, Nasir Uddin M, Zannat T, Sultana S (2014) A simple spectrophotometric method for the determination of trace levels of molybdenum in industrial, environmental, biological and soil samples using benzoylacetone-benzoylhydrazone. Anal Methods 6:2282–2293

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kara D, Karadas C (2015) A simple spectrophotometric method for the determination of trace levels of molybdenum using N, N0-bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromo-benzyl)1,2 diaminopropane. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 147:158–162

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Madrakian T, Ghazizadeh F (2008) Cloud-point preconcentration and spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of molybdenum(VI) in steels and water samples. J Hazard Mater 153:695–700

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mansouri AI, Mirzaei M, Afzali D, Ganjavie F (2011) Catalytic spectrophotometric determination of Mo(VI) in water samples using 4-amino-3-hydroxy-naphthalene sulfonic acid. Arab J Chem. doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.12.009

    Google Scholar 

  • Mubarak AT, Mohamed AA, Fawy KF, Al-Shihry AS (2007) Highly sensitive catalytic determination of molybdenum. Talanta 71:632–638

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Naeemullah, Tuzen M, Kazi TG, Citak D, Soylak M (2013) Pressure-assisted ionic liquid dispersive microextraction of vanadium coupled with electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 28:1441–1445

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Naeemullah, Kazi TG, Tuzen M (2015) Magnetic stirrer induced dispersive ionic-liquid microextraction for the determination of vanadium in water and food samples prior to graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chem 172:161–165

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Oviedo JA, Fialho LL, Nóbrega JA (2013) Determination of molybdenum in plants by vortex-assisted emulsification solidified floating organic drop microextraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta B 86:142–145

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Oviedo JA, De Jesus AMD, Fialho LL, Pereira-Filho ER (2014) Combined discrete nebulization and microextraction process for molybdenum determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Quim Nov. 37:249–254

  • Reid HJ, Bashammakh AA, Goodall PS, Landon MR, O’Connor C, Sharp BL (2008) Determination of iodine and molybdenum in milk by quadrupole ICP-MS. Talanta 75:189–197

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rezaee M, Mozaffari M, Haddadi H, Pourjavid MR, Semnani A (2015) Extraction and separation of molybdenum by using homogeneous liquid-liquid microextraction via flotation assistance. J Braz Chem Soc 26(5):880–886

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sendil O, Turker AR, Somer G (2008) Systematic investigation of some metal cation interferences on the determination of molybdenum by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. J Anal Chem 63:734–740

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shamsipur M, Habibollahi S (2010) A highly sensitive procedure for determination of ultra trace amounts of molybdenum by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction. Microchim Acta 171:267–273

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tunceli A, Turker AR (2004) Solid-phase extraction and spectrophotometric determination of molybdenum(VI) in soil and plant samples as a Mo(V)–thiocyanate complex. Microchim Acta 144:69–74

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tuzen M, Citak D, Mendil D, Soylak M (2009) Arsenic speciation in natural water samples by coprecipitation-hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry combination. Talanta 78:52–56

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Uluozlu OD, Tuzen M (2015) Carrier element-free coprecipitation and speciation of inorganic tin in beverage samples and total tin in food samples using N-Benzoyl-N, N-diisobutylthiourea and its determination by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. LWT-Food Science and Technology 63(2):1091–1096

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Vinas P, Campillo N, Andruch V (2015) Recent achievements in solidified floating organic drop microextraction. Trends Anal Chem 68:48–77

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wadhwa SK, Tuzen M, Kazi TG, Soylak M (2013) Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric detection of vanadium in water and food samples after solid phase extraction on multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Talanta 16:205–209

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Research Institute, Center for Environment and Water, for providing research facilities and funding for this research work. Dr. Mustafa Tuzen thanks the Turkish Academy of Sciences for financial support.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mustafa Tuzen.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

Mustafa Tuzen declares that he has no conflict of interest. Ahsan Mushir Shemsi declares that he has no conflict of interest. Alaadin A. Bukhari declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

This article has not been published before, and it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else.

Informed Consent

Not applicable.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tuzen, M., Shemsi, A.M. & Bukhari, A.A. Vortex-Assisted Solidified Floating Organic Drop Microextraction of Molybdenum in Beverages and Food Samples Coupled with Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Food Anal. Methods 10, 219–226 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-016-0571-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-016-0571-x

Keywords

Navigation