Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 9, Issue 8, pp 2246–2250 | Cite as

A Practical Method for the Determination of Al, B, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Pb, and Zn in Different Types of Vinegars by Microwave Induced Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry

  • Nil OzbekEmail author
  • Merve Koca
  • Suleyman Akman


A practical method was described for determining Al, B, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Pb, and Zn in various vinegar samples using microwave induced plasma optical emission spectrometry (MIP OES). Prior to analysis, vinegar samples were diluted to appropriate volumes and then directly aspirated to the plasma. All determinations were performed using aqueous standards for calibration. The analytes added to the vinegar samples were recovered quantitatively (between 93 and 104 %). The LOD values for Al, B, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Pb, and Zn were 0.62, 7.67, 4.55, 0.52, 1.22, 5.72, 1.32, 0.35, 2.42, and 26.0 μg L−1, respectively. Finally, the analyte concentrations in various types of vinegar samples produced in Turkey were determined and found below maximum allowable values stated by the Turkish Food Codex.


Microwave-induced plasma optical emission spectrometry Vinegar Al Co Cr Cu Fe Mg Mn Pb Zn 



We are grateful to Agilent Technologies and SEM, Agilent Authorized Distributor in Turkey for providing the MIP OES 4200 spectrometer.

This study was not funded by any agencies/institutes.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Nil Ozbek declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Merve Koca declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Suleyman Akman declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

For this type of study, formal consent is not required. This study does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of ChemistryIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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