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Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 8, Issue 10, pp 2417–2426 | Cite as

Performance Evaluation of an Italian Reference Method, the ISO Reference Method and a Chromogenic Rapid Method for the Detection of E. coli and Coliforms in Bottled Water

  • Simona Di PasqualeEmail author
  • Dario De Medici
Article

Abstract

Bottled water can be contaminated by coliforms and/or Escherichia coli (E. coli). These bacteria are considered as indicators of faecal pollution, and their detection in bottled water indicates the potential contamination by pathogenic enteric microorganisms. In recent decades, different methods were developed for the detection of coliforms and E. coli in drinking water and in bottled water including mineral water. Since 1976, the Italian regulation has defined microbiological methods to evaluate microbiological characteristics of mineral waters. Three different methods for the detection of coliforms and E. coli in bottled water were compared in this study: the Italian reference method, according to the “Italian Ministerial Rule,” the ISO 9308–1:2002 method, and a new rapid method. The results have demonstrated that the ISO method 9308–1:2002 and the new rapid method are as sensitive and specific as Italian reference method, and that both could be used to evaluate the contamination level of coliform and E. coli in drinking water and in bottled water including mineral water.

Keywords

Bottled water Escherichia coli Coliform Indicator microorganisms Microbiological methods 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge helpful comments from Dr. Nigel Cook, DEFRA Central Science Laboratory, UK.

Conflict of Interest

Simona Di Pasquale has no conflict of interest. Dario De Medici has no conflict of interest. Our article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reparto Pericoli Microbiologici Connessi con gli Alimenti, Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e Sicurezza AlimentareIstituto Superiore di SanitàRomeItaly

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