Sono–Soxhlet: In Situ Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Food Products


An improvement of Soxhlet extraction was designed and developed. The extraction process (Sono–Soxhlet) of oils from crushed dried olives was performed using an ultrasonic horn in situ to provided rapid and complete recovery of analytes from the matrix. The results were compared to conventional Soxhlet extraction using physicochemical characterization and gravimetric analysis and showed a substantial reduction in the extraction time without interfering on composition and quality of target extracts.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. ISO (1988) ISO 659-1988 (E) in ISO—International Organization for Standardization, Geneva

  2. Luque de Castro MD, Priego-Capote F (2010) J Chromatogr A 1217:2383–2389

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Garcia-Ayuso L, Luque de Castro M (2001) Trends Anal Chem 20:28–34

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Luque-García JL, Luque de Castro MD (2004) J Chromatogr A 1034:237–242

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Virot M, Tomao V, Colnagui G, Visinoni F, Chemat F (2007) J Chromatogr A 1174:138–144

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Virot M, Tomao V, Ginies C, Chemat F (2008) Chromatographia 68:311–313

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Luque-Garcia JL, Luque de Castro MD (2004) J Chromatogr A 1034:237–242

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. AOCS (2009) Official Methods and Recommended Practices of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, sixth edition, Champaign, IL

  9. Suslick KS, Hammerton DA, Cline RE (2001) J Am Chem Soc 108:5641–5642

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Vinatoru M (2001) Ultrason Sonochem 8:303–313

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Mason TJ, Chemat F, Vinatoru M (2011) Curr Org Chem 15:237–247

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Kamal-Eldin A (2003) Lipid oxidation pathways. AOCS Press, Champaign, IL

    Google Scholar 

  13. Pingret D, Durand G, Fabiano-Tixier A-S, Rockenbauer A, Ginies C, Chemat F (2012) J Agric Food Chem 60:7761–7768

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Chemat F, Grondin I, Costes P, Moutoussamy L, Sing AS, Smadja J (2004) Ultrason Sonochem 11:281–285

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Farid Chemat.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Djenni, Z., Pingret, D., Mason, T.J. et al. Sono–Soxhlet: In Situ Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Food Products. Food Anal. Methods 6, 1229–1233 (2013).

Download citation


  • Soxhlet
  • Extraction
  • N-hexane
  • Oil
  • Ultrasound