Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 555–566 | Cite as

Preventing Weight Gain Improves Sleep Quality Among Black Women: Results from a RCT

  • Dori M. Steinberg
  • Jacob Christy
  • Bryan C. Batch
  • Sandy Askew
  • Reneé H. Moore
  • Portia Parker
  • Gary G. Bennett
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women.

Purpose

We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women.

Methods

We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community health centers. We measured sleep using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months. The scale examines quantity of sleep, sleep disturbance, sleep adequacy, daytime somnolence, snoring, shortness of breath, and global sleep problems (sleep problem indices I and II).

Results

Participants (n = 184) were on average 35.4 years and obese (BMI 30.2 kg/m2); 74% made <$30,000/year. At baseline, average sleep duration was 6.4 (1.5) hours. Controlling for weight change and sleep medication, the intervention group reported greater improvements in sleep disturbance [−8.35 (−16.24, −0.45)] and sleep problems at 12 months: sleep problem index I [−8.35 (−16.24, −0.45)]; sleep problem index II [−8.35 (−16.24, −0.45)]. However, these findings did not persist at 18 months.

Conclusions

Preventing weight gain may afford clinical benefit on improving sleep quality.

Trial Registration Number

The trial was registered with the ClinicalTrials.gov database (NCT00938535)

Keywords

Sleep Obesity Weight gain prevention Minority health Primary care Digital health 

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dori M. Steinberg
    • 1
  • Jacob Christy
    • 1
  • Bryan C. Batch
    • 2
  • Sandy Askew
    • 1
  • Reneé H. Moore
    • 3
  • Portia Parker
    • 4
  • Gary G. Bennett
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Duke Global Digital Health Science CenterDuke Global Health InstituteDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Division of EndocrinologyDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Quality User-driven Enterprise Software Testing (QUEST)SAS Institute, Inc.CaryUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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