Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 199–211 | Cite as

See Hear: Psychological Effects of Music and Music-Video During Treadmill Running

  • Jasmin C. HutchinsonEmail author
  • Costas I. Karageorghis
  • Leighton Jones
Original Article



There is a paucity of work addressing the distractive, affect-enhancing, and motivational influences of music and video in combination during exercise.


We examined the effects of music and music-and-video on a range of psychological and psychophysical variables during treadmill running at intensities above and below ventilatory threshold (VT).


Participants (N = 24) exercised at 10 % of maximal capacity below VT and 10 % above under music-only, music-and-video, and control conditions.


There was a condition × intensity × time interaction for perceived activation and state motivation, and an intensity × time interaction for state attention, perceived exertion (RPE), and affective valence. The music-and-video condition elicited the highest levels of dissociation, lowest RPE, and most positive affective responses regardless of exercise intensity.


Attentional manipulations influence psychological and psychophysical variables at exercise intensities above and below VT, and this effect is enhanced by the combined presentation of auditory and visual stimuli.


Affective response Dissociation Dual-mode theory Exercise 



The authors would like to thank Alisha Ciolek, Paul Dalton, Jacob Ferreira, Elizabeth Hopley, Melanie Shepard, Nicholas Stodolski, and Christopher Williamson for their assistance in the data collection phase of this study.

Authors’ Statement of Conflict of Interest and Adherence to Ethical Standards

Jasmin C. Hutchinson, Costas I. Karageorghis, and Leighton Jones, have no conflict of interest to declare. All procedures, including the informed consent process, were conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jasmin C. Hutchinson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Costas I. Karageorghis
    • 2
  • Leighton Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Exercise Science and Sport Studies DepartmentSpringfield CollegeSpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.Department of Life SciencesBrunel University LondonLondonUK

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