A Randomised Trial of a Weight Loss Intervention for Overweight and Obese People Diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease and/or Type 2 Diabetes
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Weight reduction limits disease progression in obese people with coronary heart disease (CHD) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
To test a 16-week group-based weight reduction intervention combining exercise, diet and behaviour change strategies aimed to increase self-efficacy (Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program—HEELP) on weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and exercise.
Participants with CHD and/or T2DM and BMI between 27 to 39 kg/m2 were randomised to HEELP (n = 83) or usual care (n = 65).
Participants were aged a mean 63.47 years (SD 8.9), male (58 %) and Caucasian (79 %). HEELP participants lost significantly more weight, BMI and waist circumference and exercised more days/week for a longer duration/week than usual care. Clinically significant weight loss (≥5 %) was more common in HEELP than usual care.
The HEELP resulted in weight loss and improved exercise behaviour in obese people with CHD and T2DM.
KeywordsObesity Coronary heart disease Type II diabetes Weight reduction Behaviour change Exercise
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