Smoking Cessation and Quality of Life: Changes in Life Satisfaction Over 3 Years Following a Quit Attempt
- First Online:
- 748 Downloads
There has been limited research addressing changes in subjective well-being as a result of quitting smoking.
The purpose of this study was to use longitudinal data to determine the relation between smoking cessation and subjective measures of well-being, including global quality of life (QOL), health-related QOL (HR-QOL), affect, relationship satisfaction, and stressor occurrence.
As part of a randomized, placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial, 1,504 participants (58.2% women, 83.9% white) completed assessments and had their smoking status biochemically confirmed at baseline and years 1 and 3 post-quit.
Compared with continuing smokers, quitters showed improved global QOL, HR-QOL, and affect at years 1 and 3 and fewer stressors by year 3. Smoking status did not influence marital relationship satisfaction.
Successful quitters, in contrast to continuing smokers, reported improved subjective well-being, which could be used to motivate quit attempts by individuals with concerns about what life will be like without cigarettes.
KeywordsSmoking Smoking cessation Quality of life Health Marital satisfaction Affect
- 1.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. HHS announces National Smoking Cessation Quitline Network. 2004. www.dhhsgov/news/press/2004pres/20040203html.
- 15.Colditz GA. The nurses’ health study: A cohort of US women followed since 1976. J Am Med Women’s Assoc. 1995, 50:40–44.Google Scholar
- 21.Fiore MC, Jaen CR, Baker TB, Bailey WC, Benowitz N, Curry SJ, et al. Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Public Health Service; 2008.Google Scholar
- 50.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The health benefits of smoking cessation: A report of the Surgeon General. Publication No. (CDC) 90-8416. Rockville, MD: U.S Department of Health and Human Services; 1990.Google Scholar