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Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 58–69 | Cite as

Teaching Acceptance and Mindfulness to Improve the Lives of the Obese: A Preliminary Test of a Theoretical Model

  • Jason Lillis
  • Steven C. Hayes
  • Kara Bunting
  • Akihiko Masuda
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Obesity is a growing epidemic. Weight control interventions can achieve weight loss, but most is regained over time. Stigma and low quality of life are significant problems that are rarely targeted.

Purpose

A new model aimed at reducing avoidant behavior and increasing psychological flexibility, has shown to be relevant in the treatment of other chronic health problems and is worth examining for improving the lives of obese persons.

Methods

Patients who had completed at least 6 months of a weight loss program (N = 84) were randomly assigned to receive a 1-day, mindfulness and acceptance-based workshop targeting obesity-related stigma and psychological distress or be placed on a waiting list.

Results

At a 3-month follow-up, workshop participants showed greater improvements in obesity-related stigma, quality of life, psychological distress, and body mass, as well as improvements in distress tolerance, and both general and weight-specific acceptance and psychological flexibility. Effects on distress, stigma, and quality of life were above and beyond the effects due to improved weight control. Mediational analyses indicated that changes in weight-specific acceptance coping and psychological flexibility mediated changes in outcomes.

Conclusion

Results provide preliminary support for the role of acceptance and mindfulness in improving the quality of life of obese individuals while simultaneously augmenting their weight control efforts.

Keywords

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Experiential avoidance Stigma Coping Obesity Weight control 

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason Lillis
    • 1
  • Steven C. Hayes
    • 1
  • Kara Bunting
    • 1
  • Akihiko Masuda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology/298University of NevadaRenoUSA
  2. 2.Georgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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