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Neuroethics

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 245–257 | Cite as

Decision-Making and Self-Governing Systems

  • Adina L. Roskies
Original Paper

Abstract

Neuroscience has illuminated the neural basis of decision-making, providing evidence that supports specific models of decision-processes. These models typically are quite mechanical, the realization of abstract mathematical “diffusion to bound” models. While effective decision-making seems to be essential for sophisticated behavior, central to an account of freedom, and a necessary characteristic of self-governing systems, it is not clear how the simple models neuroscience inspires can underlie the notion of self-governance. Drawing from both philosophy and neuroscience I explore ways in which the proposed decision-making architectures can play a role in systems that can reasonably be thought of as “self-governing”.

Keywords

Self-control Agency Prospection Free will Determinism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article was made possible through the support of grants from the NEH and the John Templeton Foundation via a Philosophy and Science of Self-Control grant. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the granting agencies.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA

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