A Study on the Impact of Commodity Changes to the Role and Strategy of Women’s Livelihood


Changes in economic structure and employment opportunity are seen in the agricultural sector that was originally Labor Intensive to Capital Intensive. The objective of this study is to know the women’s role in the farming of food commodities and sugar cane commodities as well as the impact of commodity changes on the role and strategy of women’s livelihood. This study is qualitative descriptive using Gender Framework Analyze. The results of the study show that the productive activity of women labor of food crops is involved in all farming activities including land cultivation, nursery, maintenance, and harvesting. Unlike sugar cane farming, women labor is only involved in maintenance. Reproductive activity is fully borne by the women. It is likewise social activities that always involve the role of women in every activity. The impacts of commodity changes on the role aspect include the subordination of women’s work, the marginalization of women and stereotyping of women’s work. In addition, the impacts on the livelihood strategy aspect include the loss of traditional activities i.e. golek mbes, golek entong, golek godong jati, ngasak, mbangkong and golek laron which are currently replaced with the emergence of new livelihoods of the paper industry.

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Fig. 1

Source: primary data processed

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Source: primary data processed

Fig. 3

Source: primary data processed

Fig. 4

Source: primary data, processed


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The authors also thank to my beloved lecturers, and examiners. We are also thankful for late Benazier Kusuma W and Astri Elok Nastiti who helped us in conducting the field work.

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Purbowo, Widodo, S. A Study on the Impact of Commodity Changes to the Role and Strategy of Women’s Livelihood. Gend. Issues 35, 339–350 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-018-9214-4

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  • Women
  • Social change
  • Agriculture
  • Livelihood