Skip to main content

Geospatial quantitative analysis of the Aral Sea Shoreline changes using RS and GIS techniques

Abstract

The variations in the lake area, water level, and water volume change of the Aral Sea from 1987 to 2018 were analyzed in this study, which is based on the multi-temporal Landsat images and remote sensing water body index (Normalized Difference Water Index, NDWI). Lake shorelines were automatically digitized and visualized using Net Shoreline Movement (NSM) and Linear Regression Rate (LRR) by Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS). The surface area, water level, and water volume change of the North Aral Sea were not changed significantly in 1987-2018. The maximum lake area appeared in March 2015 with 3550.15 km2, the minimum lake area appeared in October 2001with 2830.56 km2. However, since 2010 the South Aral Sea split into the East Aral Sea and the West Aral Sea, the area change has shrunk dramatically. The area of the East Aral Sea decreased by 17852.65 km2 (89.99 %) from March 2011 to September 2018. The area of the West Aral Sea decreased by 2203.62 km2 (35.96 %) from August 2014 to March 2017. The distance of lake shoreline changes and rates of net movement along transects were determined by DSAS. The two largest positive values of NSM were 18715.93 and 12268.67 m, which showed lake shoreline retreat, occurred in the periods of 2010-2018 in the East Aral Sea and 1987-1999 in the South Aral Sea, respectively. The two periods in which the largest negative value of NSM appeared was (1987-1993) and (2001-2010) in the North Aral Sea, and the lake shoreline expanding distance was 145.43 and 545.84 m, respectively.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

Data availability

There are no linked research data sets for this submission.

References

  1. Aladin NV, Gontar VI, Zhakova LV et al (2019) The zoocenosis of the Aral Sea: six decades of fast-paced change. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26:2228–2237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Aralgenefund (2011) Evolution of the Aral Sea. http://www.aralgenefund.org/eng/evolution/

  3. Bai J, Chen X, Li JL, Yang L, Fang H (2011) Changes in the area of inland lakes in arid regions of Central Asia during the past 30 years. Environ Monit Assess 178(1–4):247–256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Berdimbetov T, Ilyas S, Ma Z et al (2021) Climatic change and human activities link to vegetation dynamics in the Aral Sea Basin using NDVI. Earth Syst Environ 5:303–318

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bosch K, Erdinger L, Ingel F, Khussainova S, Utegenova E, Bresgen N, Eckl PM (2007) Evaluation of the toxicological properties of ground- and surface-water samples from the Aral Sea Basin. Sci Total Environ 374:43–50

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cenci L, Disperati L, Persichill et al (2017) Integrating remote sensing and GIS techniques for monitoring and modeling shoreline evolution to support coastal risk management. Gisci Remote Sens 55(3):355–375

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Chaudhari S, Felfelani F, Shin S, Pokhrel Y (2018) Climate and anthropogenic contributions to the desiccation of the second largest saline lake in the twentieth century. J Hydrol 560:342–353

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Cretaux JF, Letolle R, Bergé-Nguyen M (2013) History of Aral Sea level variability and current scientific debates. Glob Planet Chang 110(11):99–113

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Deliry SI, Avdan ZY, Do NT, Uğur A (2020) Assessment of human-induced environmental disaster in the Aral Sea using Landsat satellite images. Environ Earth Sci 79:471

  10. Dewidar K, Bayoumi S (2021) Forecasting shoreline changes along the Egyptian Nile Delta coast using Landsat image series and Geographic Information System. Environ Monit Assess 193:429

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Gaybullaev B, Chen SC, Gaybullaev D (2012) Changes in water volume of the Aral Sea after 1960. Appl Water Sci 2(4):285–291

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Himmelstoss EA, Henderson RE, Kratzmann MG, Farris A (2018) Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.0 user guide. US Geological Survey, Reston

    Book  Google Scholar 

  13. Izhitskiy AS, Zavialov PO, Sapozhnikov PV, Kirillin GB, Grossart HP, Kalinina OY, Zalota AK, Goncharenko IV, Kurbaniyazov AK (2016) Present state of the Aral Sea: diverging physical and biological characteristics of the residual basins. Sci Rep 6:23906

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Krapivin VF, Mkrtchyan FA, Rochon GL (2019) Hydrological model for sustainable development in the Aral Sea Region. Hydrology 6(4):91

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Krivinogov S (2014) Changes of the Aral Sea level. In: Micklin P, Aladin N, Plotnikov I (eds) The Aral Sea: the devastation and partial rehabilitation of a Great lake. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 77–111

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  16. Lioubimtseva E (2014) Impact of climate change on the Aral Sea and its basin. In: Micklin P, Aladin N, Plotnikov I (eds) The Aral Sea. Springer Earth System Sciences, vol 10178. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  17. Lioubimtseva E (2015) A multi-scale assessment of human vulnerability to climate change in the Aral Sea basin. Environ Earth Sci 73:719–729

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Loodin N (2020) Aral Sea: an environmental disaster in twentieth century in Central Asia. Model Earth Syst Environ 6:2495–2503

  19. Mason IM, Guzkowska MAJ, Rapley CG, Street-Perrott FA (1994) The response of lake levels and areas to climatic change. Clim Chang 27(2):161–197

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Massakbayeva A, Abuduwaili J, Bissenbayeva S et al (2020) Water balance of the Small Aral Sea. Environ Earth Sci 79(3):1–11

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Matin N, Hasan G (2021) A quantitative analysis of shoreline changes along the coast of Bangladesh using remote sensing and GIS techniques. CATENA, 201 105185

  22. Mcfeeters SK (1996) The use of the normalized difference water index (NDWI) in the delineation of open water features. Int J Remote Sens 17(7):1425–1432

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Micklin PP (1988) Desiccation of the Aral Sea: a water management disaster in the Soviet Union. Science 241(4870):1170–1176

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Micklin P (2004) The Aral Sea crisis. Dying and dead seas climatic versus anthropic causes. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 99–123

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  25. Micklin P (2010) The past, present, and future Aral Sea. Lakes Reserv Res Manag 15(3):193–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Micklin P (2014) Introduction. In: Micklin P, Aladin N, Plotnikov I (eds) The Aral Sea: the devastation and partial rehabilitation of a Great lake. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 1–11

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  27. Micklin P (2016) The future Aral Sea: hope and despair[J]. Environ Earth Sci 75(9):1–15

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Mullick MRA, Islam KMA, Tanim AH (2020) Shoreline change assessment using geospatial tools: a study on the Ganges deltaic coast of Bangladesh. Earth Sci Inform 13:299–316

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Murat A, Kale MM, Tekkanat İS (2019) Assessment of the changes in shoreline using digital shoreline analysis system: a case study of Kızılırmak Delta in northern Turkey from 1951 to 2017. Environ Earth Sci 78:579

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Peng Q, Wang R, Jiang Y, Li C, Guo W (2021) The change of hydrological variables and its effects on vegetation in Central Asia. Theor Appl Climatol 146:741–753

  31. Sun FD, Ma RH (2019) Hydrologic changes of Aral Sea: A reveal by the combination of radar altimeter data and optical images. Ann GIS 25(3):247–261

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Taube CM (2000) Instructions for winter lake mapping. In: Schneider JC (ed) Manual of fisheries survey methods II: with periodic updates. Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Fisheries Special Report 25, Ann Arbor.1-4

  33. Thieler ER, Himmelstoss EA, Zichichi JL, Ergul A (2017) Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.0 — An ArcGIS extension for calculating shoreline change[M]

  34. Yang X, Wang N, Chen A et al (2020) Changes in area and water volume of the Aral Sea in the arid Central Asia over the period of 1960–2018 and their causes. Catena 191:104566

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Yue H, Liu Y (2019) Variations in the lake area, water level and water volume of Hongjiannao Lake during 1986-2018 based on Landsat and ASTER GDEM data. Environ Monit Assess 191:606

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Yue H, Liu Y (2021) Water balance and influence mechanism analysis: a case study of Hongjiannao Lake, China. Environ Monit Assess 193:219

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Yue H, Qian J, Li Y, Liu Y (2020) A new accuracy evaluation method for water body extraction. Int J Remote Sens 41(19):1–32

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Yue H, Liu Y, Wei J (2021) Dynamic change and spatial analysis of great lakes in China Based on Hydroweb and Landsat Data. Arab J Geosci 14:149

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Zavialov PO, Kostianoy AG, Emelianov SV, Ni AA, Ishniyazov D, Khan VM, Kudyshkin TV (2003) Hydrographic survey in the dying Aral Sea. Geophys Res Lett 30(13):1659

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Zavialov PO, Ni AA, Kudyshkin TV, Kurbaniyazov AK, Dikarev SN (2009) Five years of field hydrographic research in the Large Aral Sea (2002–2006). J Mar Syst 76(3):263–271

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Zhan S, Wu J, Jin M (2021) Hydrochemical characteristics, trace element sources, and health risk assessment of surface waters in the Amu Darya Basin of Uzbekistan, arid Central Asia. Environ Sci Pollut Res

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely thank the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for providing the Landsat data, and LEGOS/GOHS for providing the water level data. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers whose comments have greatly contributed to the improvement of this study.

Funding

The research is supported by the Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi (2020JM-514), the project of Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group (2018SMHKJ-A-J-03), and Xi’an University of Science and Technology (2019YQ3-04).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Methodology and writing, H. Y., data curation, Y. L., modified the whole paper, H. Y., Y. L. and QY.W.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Hui Yue or Ying Liu.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

All ethical practices have been followed in relation to the development, writing, and publication of the article.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Communicated by H. Babaie

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wu, Q., Yue, H., Liu, Y. et al. Geospatial quantitative analysis of the Aral Sea Shoreline changes using RS and GIS techniques. Earth Sci Inform (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12145-021-00714-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • The Aral Sea
  • Spatial-temporal change
  • Digital Shoreline Analysis System
  • Geospatial quantitative analysis
  • Lake shoreline change