Skip to main content
Log in

Effects of a brief mindfulness intervention on smoking urges and negative affect following a negative affect induction

  • Published:
Current Psychology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Negative affect (NA) is associated with increased urge to smoke cigarettes and smoking relapse. Mindfulness meditation is a practice shown to help individuals manage difficult emotions and is an effective method for helping to reduce/quit smoking. The present study was a laboratory experiment with college student smokers (N = 50) who self-reported motivation to smoke for NA reduction. Participants were randomized to a brief mindfulness intervention (n = 24) or control condition (n = 26) followed by a NA induction. Comparisons of NA and urge to smoke cigarettes between groups was examined at baseline, post-intervention, and post-NA manipulation. We predicted that the mindfulness group would better manage experimentally induced NA and report lower urge to smoke following a NA manipulation compared to the control group. Urge to smoke was not lower post-intervention or post-NA induction among participants in the mindfulness group compared to the control group. The mindfulness group no longer had relationships between NA and urge measures post-intervention, while the control group had positive relationships between NA both QSU-Brief Factors. However, post-NA induction the mindfulness group demonstrated a correlation between NA and all smoking urge measures, while the control group demonstrated no correlations between NA and any of the smoking urge measures. These unexpected findings may be accounted for by the theory that mindfulness involves “decoupling” from NA and urges, promoting increased emotional flexibility rather than direct changes to these internal states. Future studies should determine the necessary dose of mindfulness to produce changes in NA and smoking urges.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1

Similar content being viewed by others


Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amy L. Copeland.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Roys, M.R., Stewart, S.A. & Copeland, A.L. Effects of a brief mindfulness intervention on smoking urges and negative affect following a negative affect induction. Curr Psychol 43, 2144–2157 (2024).

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: