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Trait resilience and subjective well-being in emerging adulthood: a two-wave longitudinal study

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Abstract

Prior research has shown that trait resilience is linked with subjective well-being, however, less is revealed about the longitudinal relationship between trait resilience and subjective well-being in emerging adulthood. This study used a two-wave cross-lagged design ((N = 563 for Time 1; N = 509 for Time 2) to explore the relationship between these two variables in emerging adults. The cross-lagged path analysis found that trait resilience predicted the three components of subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect and negative affect) over five months. Additionally, positive affect but not life satisfaction and negative affect predicted trait resilience over five months. The present study provides further evidence for the longitudinal relationship between trait resilience and subjective well-being in Chinese emerging adults. Limitations and future directions of the research were discussed.

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Data Availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Social Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (2022F094), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (2022JQ-155), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (GK202103131).

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Correspondence to Feng Kong.

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Fan, D., Li, C., Zhu, N. et al. Trait resilience and subjective well-being in emerging adulthood: a two-wave longitudinal study. Curr Psychol 42, 26200–26206 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03727-2

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