Skip to main content

The intergenerational transmission of nature relatedness predicts green purchase intention among Filipino adolescents: Cross-age invariance and the role of social responsibility

Abstract

Environmental sustainability does not only involve the environmental behaviors of the present generation, but more importantly, it requires understanding how the future generations will interact with the natural environment. The overarching goal of this study was to investigate a serial mediation model showing the mediating role of social responsibility on the intergenerational transmission (i.e., from parents to their adolescent children) of nature relatedness, and how this transmission influences adolescents’ green purchase intention in a non-Western country like the Philippines. Data were collected from 449 Filipino parent-adolescent dyads through an online administration of self-report measures. As a preliminary step to the examination of intergenerational transmission of nature relatedness, measurement invariance of the Nature Relatedness Scale (NR-6) was conducted. Findings revealed that the NR-6 is a valid, reliable, and invariant tool in assessing Filipino adults’ and adolescents’ sense of connection with nature. Path analysis through structural equation modeling confirmed the serial mediation model demonstrating that social responsibility mediated the parent-adolescent transmission of nature relatedness, leading to adolescents’ greater green purchase intention. The study offers novel findings with important implications for research, parenting, and policies toward environmental sustainability.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

Data Availability

The data associated with this study will be made available from any party upon reasonable request.

References

  1. Alampay, L. P. (2014). Parenting in the Philippines. In: Parenting across cultures (pp. 105-121). Springer.

  2. Alcock, I., White, M. P., Pahl, S., Duarte-Davidson, R., & Fleming, L. E. (2020). Associations between pro-environmental behaviour and neighbourhood nature, nature visit frequency and nature appreciation: Evidence from a nationally representative survey in England. Environment International, 136, 105441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105441.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Al-Swidi, A., & Saleh, R. M. (2021). How green our future would be? An investigation of the determinants of green purchasing behavior of young citizens in a developing country. Environment, Development and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-02001220-z.

  4. Anderson-Butcher, D., A. Amorose, Lower, L., & Newman, T. (2016). Perceived social responsibility scale. LiFEsports Initiative, Community and Youth Collaborative Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

  5. Ando, K., Yorifuji, K., Ohnuma, S., Matthies, E., & Kanbara, A. (2015). Transmitting pro environmental behaviours to the next generation: A comparison between Germany and Japan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 18(2), 134–144. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12078.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Aruta, J. J. B. R. (2016). Understanding the structure of autonomy among Filipino adolescents. Educational Measurement and Evaluation Review, 7, 37–49.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Aruta, J. J. B. R. (2019). Exploring trait consistency among Filipinos: Views, motivations, consequences, and the role of self-monitoring. Unpublished Dissertation. De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines.

  8. Aruta, J. J. B. R. (2020). Connectedness to nature encourages, but materialism hinders, ecological behavior in the Philippines: The higher-order and second-order factors of environmental attitudes as viable mediating pathways. Ecopsychology, 13, 114–122. https://doi.org/10.1089/eco.2020.0053.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Aruta, J. J. B. R. (2021). The quest for mental well-being: Nature connectedness, materialism, and the role of meaning in life in the Philippine context. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01523-y.

  10. Aruta, J. J. B., Antazo, B. G., Briones-Diato, A., Crisostomo, K. A., Canlas, N. F., & Penaranda, G. (2021a). When does self-criticism predict depression in collectivistic context. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 43, 76–87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-020-09418-6.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Aruta, J. J. B., Antazo, B. G., & Paceno, J. L. (2021b). Self-stigma is associated with depression and anxiety in a collectivistic context: The culturally adaptive role of self-criticism. The Journal of Psychology, 155(2), 238–256. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.1876620.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Ballantyne, R., Hughes, K., Lee, J., Packer, J., & Sneddon, J. (2018). Visitors' values and environmental learning outcomes at wildlife attractions: Implications for interpretive practice. Tourism Management, 64, 190–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.07.015.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Prentice Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Bankoff, G. (2007). One island too many: Reappraising the extent of deforestation in the Philippines prior to 1946. Journal of Historical Geography, 33, 314–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhg.2006.06.021.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Byrne, B. M. (2013). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Psychology Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  16. Carandang, A., Bugayong, L., Dolom, P., Garcia, L., Villanueva, M., Espiritu, N., & Forestry Development Center, U. of the P. L. B.-C. of F. and N. R. (2013). Analysis of Key Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in the Philippines. Retrieved from https://forestry.denr.gov.ph/redd-plus-philippines/publications/AnalysisofkeydriversofdeforestationandforestdegradationinthePhilippines.pdf.

  17. Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 233–255. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Chu, S., & Chen, H. (2019). Impact of consumers' corporate social responsibility-related activities in social media on brand attitude, electronic word-of-mouth intention, and purchase intention: A study of Chinese consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Behavior, 18(6), 453–462. https://doi.org/10.1002/cb.1784.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Collado, S., Staats, H., & Sancho, P. (2019). Normative influences on adolescents’ self-reported pro-environmental behaviors: The role of parents and friends. Environment and Behavior, 51(3), 288–314. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916517744591.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Dagher, G. K., & Itani, O. (2014). Factors influencing green purchasing behaviour: Empirical evidence from the Lebanese consumers. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 13(3), 188–195. https://doi.org/10.1002/cb.1482.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. David, F. (1994). The roles of husbands and wives in household decision-making. Philippine Sociological Review, 42(1/4), 78–93.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Enriquez, V. G. (1994). Pagbabangong-dangal: Indigenous psychology and cultural empowerment. Akademya ng Kultura at Sikolohiyang Pilipino.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Estoque, R. C., Pontius Jr., R. G., Murayama, Y., Hou, H., Thapa, R. B., Lasco, R. D., & Villar, M. A. (2018). Simultaneous comparison and assessment of eight remotely sensed maps of Philippine forests. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 67, 123–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2017.10.008.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Garcia, P. R. J. M., Restubog, S. L. D., Ocampo, A. C., Wang, L., & Tang, R. L. (2019). Role modeling as a socialization mechanism in the transmission of career adaptability across generations. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 111, 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2018.12.002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Grønhøj, A., & Thøgersen, J. (2009). Like father, like son: Intergenerational transmission of values, attitudes and behaviours in the environmental domain. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 414–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.05.002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Grønhøj, A., & Thøgersen, J. (2017). Why young people do things for the environment: The role of parenting for adolescents’ motivation to engage in pro-environmental behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 54, 11–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2017.09.005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Gunnoe, M. L., Hetherington, E. M., & Reiss, D. (1999). Parental religiosity, parenting style, and adolescent social responsibility. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 19(2), 199–225. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431699019002004.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Hartmann, P., & Apaolaza-Ibáñez, V. (2008). Virtual nature experiences as emotional benefits in green product consumption: The moderating role of environmental attitudes. Environment and Behavior, 40(6), 818–842. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916507309870.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Jambeck, J., Geyer, R., Wilcox, C., Siegler, T. R., Perryman, M., Andrady, A., … Law, K. L. (2015). The ocean : The ocean : Marine pollution, 347(6223), 768. Retrieved from https://science.sciencemag.org/CONTENT/347/6223/768.abstract

  31. Katz-Gerro, T., Greenspan, I., Handy, F., & Vered, Y. (2020). Environmental behavior in three countries: The role of intergenerational transmission and domains of socialization. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 71, 101343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.101343.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Kim, Y. J., Njite, D., & Hancer, M. (2013). Anticipated emotion in consumers’ intentions to select eco-friendly restaurants: Augmenting the theory of planned behavior. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 34, 255–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2013.04.004.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Klein, S. A., & Hilbig, B. E. (2018). How virtual nature experiences can promote pro environmental behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 60, 41–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2018.10.001.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Kumar, A., Prakash, G., & Kumar, G. (2021). Does environmentally responsible purchase intention matter for consumers? A predictive sustainable model developed through an empirical study. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 58, 102270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2020.102270.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Lawson, D. F., Stevenson, K. T., Peterson, M. N., Carrier, S. J., Strnad, R. L., & Seekamp, E. (2019). Children can foster climate change concern among their parents. Nature Climate Change, 9(6), 458–462. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0463-3.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Lee, Y. K. (2017). A comparative study of green purchase intention between Korean and Chinese consumers: The moderating role of collectivism. Sustainability, 9(10), 1930. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101930.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Leppänen, J. M., Haahla, A. E., Lensu, A. M., & Kuitunen, M. T. (2012). Parent-child similarity in environmental attitudes: A pairwise comparison. The Journal of Environmental Education, 43(3), 162–176. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2011.634449.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Maohong, B. (2012). Deforestation in the Philippines, 1946–1995. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 60(1), 117–130.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Martin, L., White, M. P., Hunt, A., Richardson, M., Pahl, S., & Burt, J. (2020). Nature contact, nature connectedness and associations with health, wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviours. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 68, 101389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101389.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Matthies, E., Selge, S., & Klöckner, C. A. (2012). The role of parental behaviour for the development of behaviour specific environmental norms–The example of recycling and re-use behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 32(3), 277–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2012.04.003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Matthies, E., & Wallis, H. (2015). Family socialization and sustainable consumption. In: Handbook of research on sustainable consumption. Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781783471270.

  42. Meeusen, C. (2014). The intergenerational transmission of environmental concern: The influence of parents and communication patterns within the family. The Journal of Environmental Education, 45(2), 77–90. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2013.846290.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Nguyen, T. N., Lobo, A., & Greenland, S. (2017). The influence of Vietnamese consumers’ altruistic values on their purchase of energy efficient appliances. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 29(4), 759–777. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJML-08-2016-0151.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Nisbet, E. K., & Zelenski, J. M. (2013). The NR-6: A new brief measure of nature relatedness. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 813.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Nisbett, E. K., Zelenski, J. M., & Murphy, S. A. (2009). The nature relatedness scale: Linking individuals’ connection with nature to environmental concern and behavior. Environment and Behavior, 41(5), 715–740. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916508318748.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Rahimah, A., Khalil, S., Cheng, J. M., Tran, M. D., & Panwar, V. (2018). Understanding green purchase behavior through death anxiety and individual social responsibility: Mastery as a moderator. Journal of Consumer Behavior, 17(5), 477–490. https://doi.org/10.1002/cb.1733.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. Renshaw, T. L. (2018). Psychometrics of the revised college student subjective wellbeing questionnaire. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 33(2), 136–149. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573516678704.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. Roxas, M. M., David, A. P., & Aruta, J. J. B. R. (2019). Compassion, forgiveness and subjective well-being among filipino counseling professionals. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 41(2), 272–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-019-09374-w.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  49. Schuitema, G., & de Groot, J. I. M. (2015). Green consumerism: The influence of product attributes and values on purchasing intentions. Journal of Consumer Behavior, 14(1), 57–69. https://doi.org/10.1002/cb.1501.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 1–65). Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  51. Schwartz, S. H. (1994). Are there universal aspects in the structure and contents of human values? Journal of Social Issues, 50(4), 19–45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.15404560.1994.tb01196.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  52. Stevenson, K. T., Peterson, M. N., Bondell, H. D., Moore, S. E., & Carrier, S. J. (2014). Overcoming skepticism with education: Interacting influences of worldview and climate change knowledge on perceived climate change risk among adolescents. Climatic Change, 126(3–4), 293–304. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1228-7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Stone, G., Branes, J., & Montgomery, C. (1995). ECOSCALE: A scale for the measurement of environmentally responsible consumers. Psychology and Marketing, 12(7), 595–612. https://doi.org/10.1002/mar.4220120704.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Suki, N. M., & Suki, N. M. (2019). Examination of peer influence as a moderator and predictor in explaining green purchase behaviour in a developing country. Journal of Cleaner Production, 228, 833–844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.218.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Sy-Changco, J. A., Pornpitakpan, C., Singh, R., & Bonilla, C. M. (2011). Managerial insights into sachet marketing strategies and popularity in the Philippines. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 23(5), 755–772. https://doi.org/10.1108/13555851111183129.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Tam, K. P., & Milfont, T. L. (2020). Towards cross-cultural environmental psychology: A state of-the-art review and recommendations. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 71, 101474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101474.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. United Nations (2018). United Nations Environment Report. Retrieved from: https://www.unenvironment.org/interactive/beat-plastic-pollution/

  58. Weber, A., Büssing, A. G., Jarzyna, R., & Fiebelkorn, F. (2020). Do German student biology teachers intend to eat sustainably? Extending the theory of planned behavior with nature relatedness and environmental concern. Sustainability, 12(12), 4909. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124909.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Wentzel, K. R. (1991). Relations between social competence and academic achievement in early adolescence. Child Development, 62(5), 1066–1078. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131152.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  60. Yadav, R., & Pathak, G. S. (2016). Young consumers' intention towards buying green products in a developing nation: Extending the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 732–739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  61. Yang, X., & Zhang, L. (2021). Understanding residents’ green purchasing behavior from a perspective of the ecological personality traits: The moderating role of gender. The Social Science Journal, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/03623319.2020.1850121.

  62. Yang, X., Chen, S. C., & Zhang, L. (2020). Promoting sustainable development: A research on residents' green purchasing behavior from a perspective of the goal-framing theory. Sustainable Development, 28(5), 1208–1219. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.2070.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Zelenski, J. M., & Nisbet, E. K. (2014). Happiness and feeling connected: The distinct role of nature relatedness. Environment and Behavior, 46(1), 3–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916512451901.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  64. Zheng, G. W., Siddik, A. B., Masukujjaman, M., Alam, S. S., & Akter, A. (2021). Perceived environmental responsibilities and green buying behavior: The mediating effect of attitude. Sustainability, 13(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010035.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to Angelica Julienne Tan and Karmia Pakingan for helping with the data collection.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Jamir Benzon R. Aruta.

Ethics declarations

Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in the study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the 1964 Helsinki declaration or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflict of interest associated in this study.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Aruta, J.J.B.R. The intergenerational transmission of nature relatedness predicts green purchase intention among Filipino adolescents: Cross-age invariance and the role of social responsibility. Curr Psychol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02087-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Nature relatedness
  • Social responsibility
  • Green purchase intention
  • Intergenerational transmission
  • Philippines