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Development and psychometric testing of the ‘Mindful Breastfeeding Scale’ (MINDF-BFS) among postpartum women in Turkey

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The aim of the study is to develop and psychometrically test the Mindfulness Breastfeeding Scale among postnatal women. Cross-sectional data were collected during 2017–2018 in Antalya Education and Research Hospital. The total sample comprised 500 post-partum women who met the inclusion criteria: (1) Women older than 18 years, who were literate in Turkish, (2) women without a disease or drug treatment that would prevent breastfeeding, and (3) mothers with a healthy baby. Missing was low in frequency (5.4%). A unidimensional solution has been observed as a result of exploratory and confirmative factor analyses. Low reliability and validity were obtained in seven of the original 16 items; excluding these items, the one-dimensional 9-items measurement model revealed good model fit, indicating good internal consistency and validity. Significant factor loadings, goodness-of-fit indices and a significant correlation in the expected direction with breastfeeding self-efficacy supported reliability and validity of the Mindfulness Breastfeeding Scale. Exploring the essence of mindfulness in breastfeeding and its health-promoting potential is highly warranted. Such knowledge and a well-adapted scale are beneficial and important for the further development of health-promoting postnatal care.

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Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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This study was supported by The Scientific Research Projects Unit of Akdeniz University, Turkey (Project Number: TSA‐2018‐3428).

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Correspondence to Oznur Korukcu.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship or the publication of this article.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Appendix 1

Appendix 1

Table 6 Original items of Mindful Breastfeeding Scale
Table 7 Mindful Breastfeeding Scale

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Korukcu, O., Kabukcuoğlu, K., Aune, I. et al. Development and psychometric testing of the ‘Mindful Breastfeeding Scale’ (MINDF-BFS) among postpartum women in Turkey. Curr Psychol 42, 5226–5239 (2023).

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