The need for a new self-forgiveness scale based on the theoretical foundation that forgiveness is a moral virtue has arisen. Thus, the Enright Self-Forgiveness Inventory was developed and validated in a series of four studies. In Study 1, we explored the factor structure of each of the six subscale item pools to determine the best 7 items (5 items plus 2 replacement items). In Study 2 and in Study 3, confirmatory factor analyses were done to identify the best 30 item ESFI and to replicate the factor structure with a new sample. In Studies 1, 2, and 3, construct validity was examined by comparing the ESFI to other psychological and emotional constructs. In Study 4, convergent validity was checked by comparing the ESFI to another psychometrically sound self-forgiveness scale. The ESFI is a reliable and valid scale ready for use in research and mental health practice.
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The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Kim, J.J., Volk, F. & Enright, R.D. Validating the Enright Self-Forgiveness Inventory (ESFI). Curr Psychol 41, 7604–7617 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01248-4
- Scale development
- Positive psychology