Mediating effects of peace of mind and rumination on the relationship between gratitude and depression among Chinese university students

Abstract

Although previous researchers have investigated the relationship between gratitude and depression, few studies have explored the possible mediating variables behind this association. This research aimed to examine whether peace of mind and rumination would have a mediating effect on the relationship between gratitude and depression. A sample of five hundred and one Chinese university students completed measures of gratitude, depression, peace of mind and rumination. Correlation analysis showed that gratitude, depression, peace of mind, and rumination were interrelated. Structural equation modeling showed that peace of mind and rumination fully-mediated the relationship between gratitude and depression for this sample. Multi-group analysis found that the mediational model did not differ by gender. Results of present study suggested that gratitude may not only have a negative influence on depression, but may also counteract the symptoms of depression by enhancing a state of peace of mind and reducing ruminative thinking.

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Acknowledgements

Hongyu Liang and ChenChen contributed equally to this work and should be considered as co-first authors.

Funding

This study was funded by the Key Project of Chinese Ministry of Education (12JJD190005).

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Correspondence to Xue Zheng.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Liang, H., Chen, C., Li, F. et al. Mediating effects of peace of mind and rumination on the relationship between gratitude and depression among Chinese university students. Curr Psychol 39, 1430–1437 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9847-1

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Keywords

  • Gratitude
  • Peace of mind
  • Rumination
  • Depression