Advertisement

Predictors of Turkish University students’ marital attitudes

  • Gökay Keldal
  • Abdullah Atli
Article
  • 456 Downloads

Abstract

In Turkey, it has been observed that marital attitudes have changed in recent years. In this study, it is aimed to examine the relationship between university students’ marital attitudes and mate selection strategies, gender roles, sex, relationship status and age variables. The sample of the study is made up of 706 (412 females, 294 males) university students. As the data collection instruments, İnönü Marital Attitude Scale, Mate Selection Strategies Inventory and Bem Sex Role Inventory were used in the study. The data analysis was performed using hierarchical regression technique. According to the study findings, virginity and physical attributes mate selection strategies, feminine gender role, age, sex and relationship status variables are significant predictors of university students’ marital attitudes. It was found that importance given to physical attributes and virginity were associated with more positive attitudes towards marriage. Having a higher level of feminine characteristics was associated with more positive attitudes towards marriage.

Keywords

Marital attitudes Mate selection strategies Gender role Marriage 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was produced from the first author’s master’s thesis where the second author was the advisor.

Funding

This study was funded by İnönü University’s Department of Research Projects, numbered 2014/26.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interest

Author GK declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Author AA declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Altuntaş, S., & Atli, A. (2015). The development of choosing partner strategies inventory. Mustafa Kemal University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 12(32), 123–135.Google Scholar
  2. Bacanlı, H. (2001). Mate preferences. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 2(15), 7–16.Google Scholar
  3. Barber, J. S., & Axinn, W. G. (1998). Gender roles attitudes and marriage among young women. The Sociological Quarterly, 39(1), 11–31.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.1998.tb02347.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bayoğlu, F., & Atli, A. (2014). İnönü evlilik tutum ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik analizleri [Inonu marriage attitude scale: Validity and reliability analysis]. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 15(2), 397–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(2), 155–162.  https://doi.org/10.1037/h0036215.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bener, M. (2011). Dindarlık-eş seçimi ilişkisi (SDÜ örneği)[Relationship of religiusness-partner choice (SDU sample)]. (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  7. Bener, Ö., & Günay, G. (2013). Gençlerin evlilik ve aile yaşamına ilişkin tutumları [Attitudes of young adults towards marriage and family life]. Karabük Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 3(1), 1–16.Google Scholar
  8. Blakemore, J. E. O., Lawton, C. A., & Vartanian, L. R. (2005). I can't wait to get married: Gender differences in drive to marry. Sex Roles, 53(5), 327–335.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-005-6756-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bozgeyikli, H., & Toprak, E. (2013). University youth’s mate selection criteria by rank order judgments scaling. Journal of Youth Research, 1(1), 68–87.Google Scholar
  10. Buss, D. M., Shackelford, T. K., Kirkpatrick, L. A., & Larsen, R. J. (2001). A half century of mate preferences: The cultural evolution of values. Journal of Marriage and Families, 63(2), 49–503.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00491.x.Google Scholar
  11. Can, Y. (2015). Attitude of the university students, family, gender roles and violence towards the women. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 1(1), 163–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carroll, J. S., Willoughby, B., Badger, S., Nelson, L. J., Barry, C. M., & Madsen, S. D. (2007). So close, yet so far away: The impact of varying marital horizons on emerging adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Research, 22(3), 219–247.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558407299697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carroll, J. S., Badger, S., Willoughby, B., Nelson, L. J., Madsen, S., & Barry, C. M. (2009). Ready or not? Criteria for marriage readiness among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Research, 24(3), 349–375.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558409334253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Christensen, E. J. (2014). Young adults’ marital attitudes and intentions: The role of parental conflict, divorce and gender (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3635593).Google Scholar
  15. Dökmen, Z. (1991). BEM cinsiyet rolü envanterinin geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması. [validity and reliability study of BEM sex role inventory in Turkey]. Dil ve Tarih-Coğrafya Fakültesi Dergisi, 35(1), 81–89.  https://doi.org/10.1501/Dtcfder_0000001104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Efe, E. (2013). Üniversite öğrencilerinde eş seçme eğilimleri [College students’ mate selection tendencies]. (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/.
  17. Gassanov, M. A., Nicholson, L. M., & Koch-Turner, A. (2008). Expectations to marry among American youth: The effects of unwed fertility, economic activity, and cohabitation. Youth Society, 40(2), 265–288.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X08314260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gay, L. R., Mills, E. G., & Airasian, P. (2011). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications (10th ed.). Boston: Pearson.Google Scholar
  19. Golbasi, Z., & Kelleci, M. (2011). Sexual experience and risky sexual behaviours of Turkish university students. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 283(3), 531–537.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00404-010-1363-y.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Haskan-Avcı, Ö. (2014). Üniversite öğrencilerinin evlilik öncesi ilişkilerde problem yaşadıkları ve eğitim almak istedikleri konular [Problems, university students experience in their relationship and topics they want to be educated on before marriage]. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 15(1), 279–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hatipoğlu-Sümer, Z. (2013). Effects of gender and sex-role orientation on sexual attitudes among Turkish university students. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 41(6), 995–1008.  https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.6.995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hippen, K. A. (2016). Attitudes toward marriage and long-term relationships across emerging adulthood (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from http://www.cls.umd.edu/docs/2016_Hippen.pdf.
  23. Huang, Y. C., & Lin, S. H. (2014). Attitudes of Taiwanese college students toward marriage: A comparative study of different family types and gender. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 45(3), 425–438 http://www.jstor.org/stable/24339546.Google Scholar
  24. İşmen-Gazioğlu, A. E. (2006). Genç yetişkinlerin evlilik ve aile hayatına ilişkin görüşlerinin değerlendirilmesi [İnvestigation of young adults’ views about marriage and family life]. M.Ü. Atatürk Eğitim Fakültesi Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 23(23), 107–123.Google Scholar
  25. İşmen-Gazioglu, E. A. (2008). Gender, gender roles affecting mate preferences in Turkish college students. College Student Journal, 42(2), 603–616.Google Scholar
  26. Jennings, A. M., Salts, C., & Smith, T. A. (1992). Attitudes toward marriage: Effects of parental conflict, family structure, and gender. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 17(1/2), 67–80.  https://doi.org/10.1300/J087v17n01_05.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Katsurada, E., & Sugihara, Y. (2002). Gender-role identity, attitudes toward marriage and gender-segregated school backgrounds. Sex Roles, 47(5), 249–258.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021334710431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kaufman, G. (2000). Do gender role attitudes matter? Family formation and dissolution among traditional and egalitarian men and women. Journal of Family Issues, 21(1), 128–144.  https://doi.org/10.1177/019251300021001006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kaufman, G. (2005). Gender role attitudes and college students’ work and family expectations. Gender Issues, 22(2), 58–71.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-005-0015-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kavuncu, N. (1987). Bem cinsiyet rolü envanteri’nin türk toplumuna uyarlama çalışması [The adaptation of Bem Sex Role Inventory to Turkish society]. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  31. Keklik, İ. (2011). Mate selection preferences of Turkish university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 44, 129–148.Google Scholar
  32. Kim, H. S., & Jung, Y. M. (2015). Self-differentiation, family functioning, life satisfaction and attitudes towards marriage among South Korean university students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(19), 1–8.  https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i19/76862.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kızılaslan, I., & Di̇ktaş, I. Ö. (2011). The role of university education in changing the gender role perceptions of Turkish ELT student teachers. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 510–525.Google Scholar
  34. Köroğlu, T. (2013). Üniversite gençliğinde evlilik, aile ve boşanma konusundaki düşünce ve görüşleri üzerine sosyolojik bir araştırma: Karabük Üniversitesi örneği [A sociological research on thoughts and opinions of university students: Karabük university about marriage, family and divorce] (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/.
  35. Mahay, J., & Lewin, A. C. (2007). Age and the desire to marry. Journal of Family Issues, 28(5), 706–723.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X06297272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ondaş, B. (2007). Üniversite öğrencilerinin evlilik ve eş seçimi ile ilgili görüşlerinin incelenmesi [The research of university students’opinions about marriage and partner selection]. (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/.
  37. Peretti, P. O., & Abplanalp, R. R. (2004). Chemistry in the college dating process: Structure and function. Social Behavior and Personality, 32(2), 147–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pınar, G. (2008). Üniversite son sınıf öğrencilerinin evliliğe bakış açısı [The opinions of the university youth about marriage]. Aile ve Toplum Dergisi, 4(14), 49–61.Google Scholar
  39. Plotnick, R. D. (2007). Adolescent expectations and desires about marriage and parenthood. Journal of Adolescence, 30(6), 943–963.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2007.01.003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Republic of Turkey Official Gazette (2015). Çeyiz hesabı ve devlet katkısına dair yönetmelik [Dowry account and regulation on state contribution]. Retrieved from http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2015/12/20151216-19.pdf
  41. Schwartz, T. R. (1994). The style of parental conflict resolution, gender and status of parental marriage’s impact on attitudes toward marriage and attitudes toward divorce in their college age offspring (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 9519620).Google Scholar
  42. Tabachnick, G. B., & Fidell, L. S. (2012). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). London: Pearson.Google Scholar
  43. Türkarslan, N., & Süleymanov, A. (2010). Üniversite son sınıf öğrencilerinin evlilik konusundaki görüş ve düşünceleri- Azerbaycan ve Türkiye karşılaştırması [The ideas and points of views of the last grade university students on marriage – A comparison of Azerbaijan and Turkey]. Karadeniz Dergisi/Blacksea Journal, 5(5), 54–64.Google Scholar
  44. Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI). (2017). Evlenme ve boşanma istatistikleri [Marriage and divorce statistics]. Retrieved from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1060#.
  45. Willoughby, B. J. (2010). Marital attitude trajectories across adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(11), 1305–1317.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-009-9477-x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Willoughby, B. J. (2012). Associations between sexual behavior, sexual attitudes, and marital horizons during emerging adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, 19(2), 100–110.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-011-9138-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Willoughby, B. J., & Carroll, J. S. (2010). Sexual experience and couple formation attitudes among emerging adults. Journal of Adult Development, 17(1), 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-009-9073-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Willoughby, B. J., & Carroll, J. S. (2012). Correlates of attitudes toward cohabitation: Looking at the associations with demographics, relational attitudes, and dating behavior. Journal of Family Issues, 33(11), 1450–1476.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X11429666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Willoughby, B. J., Olson, C. D., Carroll, J. S., Nelson, L. J., & Miller, R. B. (2012). Sooner or later? The marital horizons of parents and their emerging adult children. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29(7), 967–981.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407512443637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Willoughby, B. J., Hall, S., & Luczak, H. (2015a). Marital paradigms: A conceptual framework for marital attitudes, values and beliefs. Journal of Family Issues, 36(2), 188–211.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X13487677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Willoughby, B. J., Medaris, M., James, S., & Bartholomew, K. (2015b). Changes in marital beliefs among emerging adults: Examining marital paradigms over time. Emerging Adulthood, 3(4), 219–228.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2167696814563381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yıldırım, İ. (2007). Partner selection among college students. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 3(27), 15–30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Guidance and Psychological CounselingNiğde Ömer Halisdemir UniversityNiğdeTurkey
  2. 2.İnönü UniversityMalatyaTurkey

Personalised recommendations