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Psychological protective factors mediate the relationship between decision-making styles and mental health

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Abstract

The study examines the associations between decision-making styles and psychological protective factors and tests the role of protective factors as mediators between selected decision-making styles and mental health. 211 university students (mean age = 21.4, 82.5% females) completed a battery of tests assessing their preference of decision-making styles, three protective factors (resilience, optimism, social support), and three mental health indicators (well-being, perceived stress, depression). Multiple linear regression models explored the associations between the decision-making styles and protective factors. Structural equation modelling was used to test the protective factors as mediators between decision-making styles and mental health. The intuitive decision-making style is associated with a higher level and avoidant decision-making style with a lower level of protective factors. Protective factors mediate the associations between the rational, intuitive and avoidant decision-making styles and mental health. The role of some decision-making styles in protective factors indicates that increasing the use of rational processing or intuition and decreasing the tendency to avoid decisions can have a positive effect on mental health through protective factors.

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Notes

  1. We use the term „protective factors“ for determinants of mental health with the positive effect on mental health.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contracts No. APVV-0253-11, APVV-15-0662 and by the Scientific grant agency of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and of the Slovak Academy of Sciences - VEGA 1/0713/15.

Funding

This study was funded by Slovak Research and Development Agency (grant numbers APVV-0253-11, APVV-15-0662) and by Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (grant number VEGA 1/0713/15).

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Correspondence to Jozef Bavolar.

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Bavolar, J., Bacikova-Sleskova, M. Psychological protective factors mediate the relationship between decision-making styles and mental health. Curr Psychol 39, 1277–1286 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9831-9

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