Attitudes and opinions about refugees in germany – correlates with conspiracy and political mindsets

  • Günter MolzEmail author
  • Michael Stiller


The introduction provides an overview of the so called “refugee crisis” in Germany. For the purpose of the study the term “refugee” is clarified. The following section briefly reviews previous research findings about attitudes towards different ethnicities and about correlated constructs: tolerance of ambiguity, conspiracist ideation, internal and external political efficacy. Scales for the measurement of the respective constructs were incorporated into an online-questionnaire, which was completed by a total of 437 respondents. Based on results of outlier-statistics, data sets of 419 cases were analyzed with structural equation modelling. The suggested model featured good fit statistics. The main finding was that external political efficacy as well as tolerance of role ambiguity were positively correlated with the attitude towards refugees. These findings are discussed in relation to the results of the 2017 German federal elections. The discussion section concludes with the recommendation for a replication study with a more representative sample.


Conspiracist ideation Refugees Political efficacy Attitudes 



We would like to thank Julia Schaefer and Daniel Weppert for proof reading and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions, which helped to improve the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Both authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent war obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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