A brief report on the associations amongst social media use, gender, and body esteem in a UK student sample
Research into the effects of social media on personal wellbeing have been controversial in recent years, with research highlighting links between social media use and body esteem. This conceptual replication study aimed to explore relationships amongst social media use, body esteem, and gender amongst UK university students (n = 100). Participants completed measures of social media use and body esteem. It was hypothesized that social media intensity and usage would negatively predict body esteem, with high social media intensity relating to lower body esteem. We find that gender was the only significant predictor of body esteem, with women having lower body esteem compared to men. We were unable to replicate previous findings, as our findings show no relationships amongst social media intensity, use, and body esteem.
KeywordsBody esteem Social media use Cyberpsychology Health psychology Social media
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This research involved collecting data from human participants. Informed consent was taken from all participants who took part in this study. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Conflict of Interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
- Bhogal, M. S., Galbraith, N., & Manktelow, K. (2018). A research note on the influence of relationship length and sex on preferences for altruistic and cooperative mates. Psychological Reports. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294118764640.
- Corcoran, K., Crusius, J., & Mussweiler, T. (2011). Social comparison: Motives, standards, and mechanisms. In D. Chadee (Ed.), Theories in social psychology (pp. 119–139). London: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Ferguson, C. J., Munoz, M. E., Garzqa, A., & Galindo, M. (2012). Concurrent and prospective analyses of peer, television and social media influences on body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms and life satisfaction in adolescent girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Grogan, S. (2008). Body image: Understanding body dissatisfaction in men, women, and children (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.Google Scholar