Online self-disclosure: Validation study of the French version of the real me on the net questionnaire

Abstract

Because online interactions are anonymous, they may facilitate self-disclosure. The Real Me on the Net questionnaire designed by Tosun and Lajunen assesses the tendency to reveal one’s inner world on the Internet rather than in face-to-face interactions. It provides information on whether participants feel more secure on the Internet in comparison to “real-life” interactions. The current study aims to test the construct validity of the French version of the Real Me on the Net. This study included 256 adults. Participants completed the self-report questionnaire anonymously. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the one-factor structure described by Tosun and Lajunen (Computers in Human Behavior, 26(2), 162–167, 2010). The French version of the Real Me on the Net has good internal consistency. This study confirms the good psychometric qualities of this self-report questionnaire. This instrument can be useful in investigations on Internet use motives.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Amichai-Hamburger, Y., Wainapel, G., & Fox, S. (2002). “On the internet no one knows I’m an introvert”: Extroversion, neuroticism, and internet interaction. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 5(2), 125–128.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bargh, J. A., McKenna, K., & Fitzsimons, G. M. (2002). Can you see the real me? Activation and expression of the “true self” on the internet. Journal of Social Issues, 58(1), 33–48.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Barrett, M., & Trevitt, J. (1991). Attachment behaviour and the schoolchild: An introduction to educational therapy. New York: Tavistock/Routledge.

  4. Błachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., Bałakier, E., & Boruch, W. (2016). Who discloses the most on Facebook? Computers in Human Behavior, 55(part B), 664–667. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.10.007

  5. Centre de Recherche pour l’Etude et l’Observation des Conditions de vie. (2015). Baromètre numérique 2015 (Rapport d’enquête). Paris: Autorité de régulation des communications électroniques et des postes.

  6. Danet, M. (2014) Sphères d’influence des schémas d’attachement sur Internet et dans la vie quotidienne (Thèse de doctorat, sous la direction du Pr. R. Miljkovitch). Université Paris 8, Saint-Denis.

  7. Danet, M., & Miljkovitch, R. (2016). Etre soi-même sur le net : un facteur de risque à l’usage problématique d’Internet chez les personnes insécures. L’Encéphale: Revue de Psychiatrie Clinique Biologique et Thérapeutique, 42, 505–510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2015.12.019.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Green, T., Wilhelmsen, T., Wilmots, E., Dodd, B., & Quinn, S. (2016). Social anxiety, attributes of online communication and self-disclosure across private and public Facebook communication. Computers in Human Behavior, 58, 206–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.066.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. IBM. (2014). Introduction to structural equation modeling using IBM SPSS Amos (v22), student guide, course code: 0G203. IBM Corp.

  11. Khazaal, Y., Billieux, J., Thorens, G., Khan, R., Louati, Y., Scarlatti, E., et al. (2008). French validation of the internet addiction test. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 703–706. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2007.0249.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. McKenna, K., & Bargh, J. A. (2000). Plan 9 from cyberspace: The implications of the internet for personality and social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4(1), 57–75.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. McKenna, K., Green, A. S., & Gleason, M. E. J. (2002). Relationship formation on the internet: What’s the big attraction? Journal of Social Issues, 58(1), 9–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-4560.00246.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Meganck, R., Markey, S., & Vanheule, S. (2012). Reliability and factor structure in an adolescent sample of the Dutch 20-item Toronto alexithymia scale. Psychological Reports, 111(2), 393–404. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.08.15.PR0.111.5.393-404.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Miller, L. C., Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L. (1983). Openers: Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(6), 1234–1244. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.44.6.1234.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Nosko, A., Wood, E., & Molema, S. (2010). All about me: Disclosure in online social networking profiles: The case of FACEBOOK. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 406–418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.012.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Rogers, C. R. (1951). Client-Centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory (Softcover edition). Boston: Houghton Mifflin College Div.

  18. Ruppel, E. K., Gross, C., Stoll, A., Peck, B. S., Allen, M., & Kim, S. (2016). Reflecting on connecting: Meta-analysis of differences between computer-mediated and face-to-face self-disclosure. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 22(1), 18–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcc4.12179.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Tosun, L. P. (2012). Motives for Facebook use and expressing “true self” on the internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(4), 1510–1517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.03.018.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Tosun, L. P., & Lajunen, T. (2009). Why do young adults develop a passion for internet activities? The associations among personality, revealing “true self” on the internet, and passion for the internet. Cyberpsychology & Behavior: The Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society, 12(4), 401–406. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2009.0006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Tosun, L. P., & Lajunen, T. (2010). Does internet use reflect your personality? Relationship between Eysenck’s personality dimensions and internet use. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(2), 162–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.10.010.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Young, K. S. (1998). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 1(3), 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.1998.1.237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Yu, S. (2014). Does low self-control explain voluntary disclosure of personal information on the internet? Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 210–215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.04.055.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Marie Danet.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Electronic supplementary material

ESM 1

(DOCX 23 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Danet, M., Miljkovitch, R. & Deborde, AS. Online self-disclosure: Validation study of the French version of the real me on the net questionnaire. Curr Psychol 39, 2366–2370 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-0003-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Self-disclosure
  • Internet
  • Real me
  • Assessment
  • Online relationships
  • Anonymity