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Urdu Translation: the Validation and Reliability of the 120-Item Big Five IPIP Personality Scale


People generally understand text better if the text is in their native language. Because of an increased use of personality assessment in the selection of employees and students, it is important to provide questionnaires in people’s local languages. In this study, we developed the 120-item International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) Urdu version using the Darwish translation model. The translation was verified by a panel of engineering experts and Urdu and English language experts. Moreover, an empirical investigation was conducted to determine the internal consistency, reliability and construct validity of the Urdu version. The Urdu version was internally consistent, more reliable and had higher convergent validity than its corresponding English scale.

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Correspondence to Iftikhar Ahmed Khan.

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Items not part of actual 120-item IPIP and therefore, not part of the translated scale
1 Leave work completion on circumstances . کام کﯼ تکمیل حالات پر چھوڑ دیتا/دیتی ہوں
2 Not agree in tax evasion ٹیکس کی ا د ا ئیگی میں ھیرا پھیری کی قانل نہیں
3 Save life in difficult situations مشکل حالات میں ہر قیمت پر اپنی جان کو بچا نا چا یئے۔


Items part of actual 120 item IPIP but not translated by Parveen (2007)
Short from of IPIP Scale Item Corresponding Urdu Translation in English
1. Obstruct others’ plans Try to interfere in other people plans
2. Leave my belongings around Put my things in an unorderly fashion
3. Feel comfortable with myself I am happy with myself.
4. Wait for others to lead the way Like to work in other people directions
5. Don’t understand people who get emotional I cannot understand people who show emotions.
6. Take no time for others I don’t have time for other people.
7. Break my promises I don’t keep promises.
8. Am not bothered by difficult social situations I do not get worried from the problems in the society.
9. Like to take it easy I consider every work easy.
10. Am attached to conventional ways I like to abide the rules of the culture.
11. Get back at others Like to help other people
12. Put little time and effort into my work I am not hardworking.
13. Am able to control my cravings I can control my will.
14. Act wild and crazy Often become angry
15. Am not interested in theoretical discussions I don’t like to debate with others.
16. Boast about my virtues I praise myself most often.
17. Have difficulty starting tasks I feel difficulty in starting some work
18. Remain calm under pressure I don’t get worried in difficult situations.
19. Look at the bright side of life Always see good sides of the things in life
20. Believe that we should be tough on crime I think we should be strict against crimes.
21. Try not to think about the needy I don’t think about the one in need.
22. Act without thinking I do first and think later.

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Khan, I.A., Khan, A., Nazir, B. et al. Urdu Translation: the Validation and Reliability of the 120-Item Big Five IPIP Personality Scale. Curr Psychol 38, 1530–1541 (2019).

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  • Personality
  • Big five IPIP scale
  • Urdu
  • Translation
  • Reliability
  • Validity