Advertisement

Current Psychology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 460–465 | Cite as

Procrastination, Hoarding, and Attention Beyond Age 65 a Community-Based Study

  • Greg Stolcis
  • William McCownEmail author
Article

Abstract

We examined procrastination, hoarding, and attention in 80 older adults in community samples in the American South. Volunteers completed Lay’s General Procrastination Inventory, Frost, Steketee, and Grisham’s Saving Inventory Revised, the Oral Trail Making Test, a computerized Stroop Color Word Test, and measures of semantic and phonemic verbal fluencies. Findings suggest that procrastination affects older adults and it may be reliably measured. As with younger people procrastination and hoarding correlated in a positive direction. Hoarding correlated negatively with performance on the Trail Making Test Part B and the Color Word Score on a modified version of the Stroop Test. Hoarding also correlated negatively with Semantic Fluency though not with Phonemic Fluency. Procrastination correlated significantly and negatively only with Semantic Fluency and not with other attention measures. Limitations of the study and implications for future research are discussed.

Keywords

Procrastination Hoarding Adults older than 65 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

Research Regarding Human Subjects was approved from the Institution’s Human Subject’s Board.

Conflict of Interest

Authors have no conflicts of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained for all participants.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ferrari, J. R., & Díaz-Morales, J. F. (2007). Procrastination: different time orientations reflect different motives. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(3), 707–714.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2006.06.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ferrari, J. R., & Sapadin, L. (2014). Procrastination. In L. Grossman, S. Walfish, L. Grossman, & S. Walfish (Eds.), Translating psychological research into practice (pp. 241–246). New York: Springer Publishing Co..Google Scholar
  4. Ferrari, J., Johnson, J., & McCown, W. (1996). Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  5. Frost, R. O., & Shows, D. L. (1993). The nature and measurement of compulsive indecisiveness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31(7), 683–692.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90121-A.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (2014). Introduction and overview. In R. O. Frost, G. Steketee, R. O. Frost, & G. Steketee (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of hoarding and acquiring (pp. 3–5). New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Frost, R. O., Steketee, G., & Grisham, J. (2004). Measurement of compulsive hoarding: saving inventory-revised. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42(10), 1163–1182.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Frost, R. O., Tolin, D. F., Steketee, G., & Oh, M. (2011). Indecisiveness and hoarding. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 4(3), 253–262.  https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2011.4.3.253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haley, M., Forrest-Lytle, J. J., & Dadashazar, N. (2016). Late adulthood: Physical and cognitive development. In D. Capuzzi, M. D. Stauffer, D. Capuzzi, & M. D. Stauffer (Eds.), Human growth and development across the lifespan: Applications for counselors (pp. 509–542). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Inc..Google Scholar
  10. Henry, J. D., & Crawford, J. R. (2004). A meta-analytic review of verbal fluency performance following focal cortical lesions. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284–295.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.18.2.284.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kandler, C., Kornadt, A. E., Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2015). Patterns and sources of personality development in old age. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(1), 175–191.  https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000028.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Keiser, R. (2006). A computerized Stroop test administration and neurospcyhological scale score conversion program. Unpublished computer program, University of Louisiana, Monroe.Google Scholar
  13. Kurtz, M. M. (2016). Cognitive remediation for psychological disorders: an overview. In A. Medalia, C. R. Bowie, A. Medalia, & C. R. Bowie (Eds.), Cognitive remediation to improve functional outcomes (pp. 1–23). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Lapidus, K. A. B., Stern, E. R., Berlin, H. A., & Goodman, W. K. (2014). Functional neuroimaging and models for obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive compulsive spectrum disorders. In E. A. Storch, D. McKay, E. A. Storch, & D. McKay (Eds.), Obsessive-compulsive disorder and its spectrum: A life-span approach (pp. 363–396). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lay, C. H. (1986). At last, my research article on procrastination. Journal of Research in Personality, 20(4), 474–495.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-6566(86)90127-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Petrovic, P., & Castellanos, F. X. (2016). Top-down dysregulation—from ADHD to emotional instability. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10(70).  https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00070.
  17. Preston, S. D., Muroff, J. R., & Wengrovitz, S. M. (2009). Investigating the mechanisms of hoarding from an experimental perspective. Depression and Anxiety, 26(5), 425–437.  https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20417.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Raines, A. M., Portero, A. K., Unruh, A. S., Short, N. A., & Schmidt, N. B. (2015). An initial investigation of the relationship between insomnia and hoarding. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(7), 707–714.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22161.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Ricker, J. H., Axelrod, B. N., & Houtler, B. D. (1996). Clinical validation of the oral trail making test. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology, 9(1), 50–53.Google Scholar
  20. Saxena, S., Ayers, C. R., Dozier, M. E., & Maidment, K. M. (2015). The UCLA hoarding severity scale: development and validation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175, 488–493.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.01.030.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Steinberg, B. A., Bieliauskas, L. A., Smith, G. E., & Ivnik, R. J. (2005). Mayo's Older Americans normative studies: age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the trail-making test, the stroop test, and MAE controlled oral word association test. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 19(3–4), 329–377.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13854040590945210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: administration, norms, and commentary (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Tibbett, T. P., & Ferrari, J. R. (2015). The portrait of the procrastinator: risk factors and results of an indecisive personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 82, 175–184.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tolin, D. F., Villavicencio, A., Umbach, A., & Kurtz, M. (2011). Neuropsychological functioning in hoarding disorder. Psychiatry Research, 189(3), 413–418.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2011.06.022.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RichmondUSA
  2. 2.College of Business and Social SciencesUniversity of Louisiana at MonroeMonroeUSA

Personalised recommendations