Current Psychology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 445–453 | Cite as

Imperfection, Indecision, and Hoarding

  • Alexandra BurgessEmail author
  • Randy O. Frost
  • Cheyenne Marani
  • Isabella Gabrielson


Hoarding disorder is a new DSM-5 disorder that causes functional impairment and affects 2 to 6% of the population (Frost and Steketee 2014). The current study evaluated a multiple mediation model with 243 undergraduate women in which indecisiveness (VOCI; Thordarson et al. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42(11), 1289-1314, 2004) and decisional procrastination (DPS; Mann 1982) mediated the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism (F-MPS-B; Burgess et al. 2016a) and hoarding behavior (SI-R; Frost et al. Behaviour Research And Therapy, 42(10), 1163–1182, 2004) and excessive acquiring (CAS; Frost et al. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8, 219–242, 2012). Multiple mediational analyses indicated a significant indirect effect for decisional procrastination, but not indecisiveness, in mediating evaluative concerns (but not striving) to SI-R Total, SI-R Clutter, SIR Excessive Acquisition, and both CAS subscales. Both mediators were significant pathways between evaluative concerns and SI-R Difficulty Discarding. These findings support a cognitive behavioral model of hoarding, suggesting that evaluative concerns produces problems in decision-making that influence acquisition, discarding, and clutter.


Perfectionism Evaluative concerns Striving Indecisiveness Procrastination Hoarding disorder 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Burgess
    • 1
    Email author
  • Randy O. Frost
    • 2
  • Cheyenne Marani
    • 2
  • Isabella Gabrielson
    • 2
  1. 1.Sullivan Academic Center, Department of PsychologyWorcester State UniversityWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Smith CollegeNorthamptonUSA

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